3,681 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mof-associated complexes have overlapping and unique roles in regulating pluripotency in embryonic stem cells and during differentiation

    Sarina Ravens et al.
    Two complexes that contain the histone acetyl transferase MOF have distinct regulatory roles in the growth and development of pluripotent embryonic stem cells
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric ON-OFF processing of visual motion cancels variability induced by the structure of natural scenes

    Juyue Chen et al.
    The fruit fly estimates visual motion by incorporating ON-OFF asymmetric processing that only improves performance when stimuli have light-dark asymmetries matched to natural scenes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Tuning the speed-accuracy trade-off to maximize reward rate in multisensory decision-making

    Jan Drugowitsch et al.
    Building on previous work (Drugowitsch et al., 2014), it is shown that decision-makers adjust their speed-accuracy trade-off flexibly from one moment to the next, based on evidence available from multiple sensory modalities, in order to nearly maximize their reward rate.
    1. Neuroscience

    A common directional tuning mechanism of Drosophila motion-sensing neurons in the ON and in the OFF pathway

    Juergen Haag et al.
    A common mechanism for computation of direction selectivity in the ON and OFF channel is demonstrated.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A transmission-virulence evolutionary trade-off explains attenuation of HIV-1 in Uganda

    François Blanquart et al.
    Analysis of epidemiological data reveals that viral loads in newly HIV-1 infected individuals in Uganda have declined for two decades, and evolutionary modelling shows that attenuation of the virus explains this decline.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Phenotypic plasticity as an adaptation to a functional trade-off

    Xiao Yi, Antony M Dean
    A plastic behavior in Escherichia coli is enabled by a single amino acid replacement in adaption to changing environments.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MOF-associated complexes ensure stem cell identity and Xist repression

    Tomasz Chelmicki et al.
    Two complexes that contain the histone acetyl transferase MOF engage in a two-pronged approach to ensure the repression of X inactivation in mouse embryonic stem cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comparisons between the ON- and OFF-edge motion pathways in the Drosophila brain

    Kazunori Shinomiya et al.
    A complete connectome of the ON and OFF motion pathways of the Drosophila optic lobe is acquired using three-dimensional EM methods, and the similarities and differences of the two pathways are uncovered.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    NSF-mediated disassembly of on- and off-pathway SNARE complexes and inhibition by complexin

    Ucheor B Choi et al.
    NSF is part of a membrane trafficking quality control system that disassembles both properly formed and off-pathway SNARE complexes, and the disassembly activity may be regulated by complexin.
    1. Plant Biology

    The transcriptional regulator BZR1 mediates trade-off between plant innate immunity and growth

    Rosa Lozano-Durán et al.
    The transcriptional regulator BZR1 acts as a molecular integrator of environmental cues regulating the trade-off between growth and innate immunity.

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