7,506 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    3D in situ imaging of the female reproductive tract reveals molecular signatures of fertilizing spermatozoa in mice

    Lukas Ded et al.
    Fertilizing mouse spermatozoa, characterized by intact CatSper channels, lack of protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and reacted acrosomes, in the female reproductive tract provide molecular insight into sperm selection for successful fertilization.
    1. Neuroscience

    Curvature domains in V4 of macaque monkey

    Jia Ming Hu et al.
    There is a systematic functional organization for curvature representation in area V4 where specific curvatures are encoded by unique values (modules) from the set of systematically represented values.
    1. Neuroscience

    Curvature-processing domains in primate V4

    Rendong Tang et al.
    Curvature-preferring neurons in monkey V4 cluster into 0.5-mm patches, which highlights the importance of curvature detection in visual object recognition and the key functional role of V4 in this process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal direct and indirect pathway neurons differentially control the encoding and updating of goal-directed learning

    James Peak et al.
    Direct and indirect pathway neurons in posterior dorsomedial striatum were found to play distinct roles, with the former necessary for encoding and the latter for updating goal-directed learning.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structural and functional characterization of G protein–coupled receptors with deep mutational scanning

    Eric M Jones et al.
    Linking deep mutational scanning with engineered transcriptional reporters in human cell lines establishes a generalizable method for exploring pharmacogenomics, structure, and function across broad classes of drug receptors.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Time-to-event modeling of hypertension reveals the nonexistence of true controls

    Daniel Shriner et al.
    Despite health disparities among groups, the lifetime risk of hypertension approaches 100% for African Americans, European Americans, and Mexican Americans.
    1. Cancer Biology

    TINF2 is a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor that limits telomere length

    Isabelle Schmutz et al.
    Mutations in TIN2, a component of shelterin that keeps telomere length in check, lead to cancer-predisposition by disabling the telomere tumor suppressor pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reinforcement regulates timing variability in thalamus

    Jing Wang et al.
    When behavioral outcomes are unfavorable, the brain searches for better outcomes by deliberately increasing its internal variability.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    An adjunctive therapy administered with an antibiotic prevents enrichment of antibiotic-resistant clones of a colonizing opportunistic pathogen

    Valerie J Morley et al.
    Cholestyramine, an FDA-approved bile acid sequestrant, can be repurposed to inactivate the antibiotic daptomycin in the gut, which prevents the emergence of transmissible antibiotic resistance in gastrointestinal Enterococcus faecium populations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Glutamine metabolism modulates azole susceptibility in Trypanosoma cruzi amastigotes

    Peter C Dumoulin et al.
    Trypanosoma cruzi intracellular amastigotes exhibit rapid resistance to azoles, independent of genetic selection, which is dependent on metabolic state and mechanistically distinct from latency.

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