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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Oomycete small RNAs bind to the plant RNA-induced silencing complex for virulence

    Florian Dunker et al.
    Small RNAs of distantly related plant pathogens, such as fungi and oomycetes, hijack the plant RNA-induced silencing complex to favor host infection.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The HCN domain couples voltage gating and cAMP response in hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels

    Alessandro Porro et al.
    Experimental and computational approaches reveal how ligand binding is coupled to voltage sensing in a HCN channels.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    miRNA profile is altered in a modified EAE mouse model of multiple sclerosis featuring cortical lesions

    Nicola S Orefice et al.
    A novel EAE model featuring cortical lesions and an autoimmune heterogeneity, two key parameters missing in the classical model, allows for insights in disease pathogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Epigenetic reprogramming rewires transcription during the alternation of generations in Arabidopsis

    Michael Borg et al.
    Epigenetic reprogramming of the distinct repressive marks H3K27me3 or H3K9me2 guides the transition between the haploid and diploid life forms that encompass the life cycle of land plants.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Properdin oligomers adopt rigid extended conformations supporting function

    Dennis V Pedersen et al.
    Combining electron microscopy and solution scattering demonstrated that properdin oligomers adopt extended rigid and well-defined conformations that are integral to the biological function of this complement regulator.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Interferon-β-induced miR-1 alleviates toxic protein accumulation by controlling autophagy

    Camilla Nehammer et al.
    A microRNA prevents the accumulation of toxic proteins by inducing autophagy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Cell type boundaries organize plant development

    Monica Pia Caggiano et al.
    Leaf position, shape and orientation are pre-patterned by cell type boundaries in the shoot meristem.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Nanopore direct RNA sequencing maps the complexity of Arabidopsis mRNA processing and m6A modification

    Matthew T Parker et al.
    Sequencing mRNA directly with nanopores can reveal the authentic combinations of multiple mRNA processing events in full-length mRNA molecules in addition to identifying base modifications.
    1. Developmental Biology

    aPKC-mediated displacement and actomyosin-mediated retention polarize Miranda in Drosophila neuroblasts

    Matthew Robert Hannaford et al.
    The actomyosin network and phospho-regulation combine to polarize fate determinants at the Drosophila neuroblast cell cortex.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Inactivation of oncogenic cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase 4D by miR-139-5p in response to p53 activation

    Bo Cao et al.
    The tumor suppressor p53 prevents tumor cell growth by employing a small RNA called miR-139-5p to inhibit the activity of an tumorigenic protein, cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase 4D.