3,841 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    SRSF3 promotes pluripotency through Nanog mRNA export and coordination of the pluripotency gene expression program

    Madara Ratnadiwakara et al.
    RNA-binding protein SRSF3 mediates critical changes in RNA processing of pluripotency genes, which reveals functional consequences of regulated RNA processing during stem cell self-renewal and early development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Importance of miRNA stability and alternative primary miRNA isoforms in gene regulation during Drosophila development

    Li Zhou et al.
    Selective degradation of mature miRNAs shapes temporal miRNA expression patterns and is important for proper regulation of target genes to support normal development of Drosophila embryos.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Imp/IGF2BP levels modulate individual neural stem cell growth and division through myc mRNA stability

    Tamsin J Samuels et al.
    Single molecule mRNA imaging uncovers post-transcriptional regulation of myc mRNA, via a cell-intrinsic mechanism allowing individualised control of neural stem cell proliferation during Drosophila brain development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Polypyrimidine tract binding protein 1 protects mRNAs from recognition by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway

    Zhiyun Ge et al.
    The RNA-binding protein PTBP1 is recruited to sites near stop codons in retroviral and human mRNAs, shielding them from detection and degradation by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translation affects mRNA stability in a codon-dependent manner in human cells

    Qiushuang Wu et al.
    Genomic-profiles and reporters reveal that the three-nucleotide ‘words’ read by the ribosome, codons, have a strong effect on mRNA stability, impacting the homeostatic mRNA and protein levels in human cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ICE1 promotes the link between splicing and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay

    Thomas D Baird et al.
    A whole-genome siRNA screen identifies ICE1 as a factor required for accurate sensing and quality control of mRNAs containing premature stop codons.
    1. Cell Biology

    Degradation of Gadd45 mRNA by nonsense-mediated decay is essential for viability

    Jonathan O Nelson et al.
    Excess expression of the Gadd45 mRNA accounts for lethality when nonsense-mediated decay is lost in Drosophila and mammalian cells, revealing that this pathway is a critical gene regulatory mechanism.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Non-invasive measurement of mRNA decay reveals translation initiation as the major determinant of mRNA stability

    Leon Y Chan et al.
    Non-invasive mRNA stability measurements reveal that transcript lifetime is governed by a competition with translation initiation on a transcriptome-wide level.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Domestic chickens activate a piRNA defense against avian leukosis virus

    Yu Huining Sun et al.
    To protect the germ line genome, chickens acquire new small RNA-based immune defense in response to recently endogenized retroviruses by turning a truncated provirus into a weapon.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Identification of protein-protected mRNA fragments and structured excised intron RNAs in human plasma by TGIRT-seq peak calling

    Jun Yao et al.
    Human plasma contains protein-protected mRNA fragments, myriad repeat RNAs, and novel intron RNAs, including a family of structured full-length excised introns, some corresponding to mirtron pre-miRNAs and agotrons.

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