540 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Nutrient dominance governs the assembly of microbial communities in mixed nutrient environments

    Sylvie Estrela et al.
    There are regularities in how specific nutrients combine together to shape the taxonomic composition of self-assembled communities, with some types of nutrients dominating other types.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The diversity and function of sourdough starter microbiomes

    Elizabeth A Landis et al.
    In the most comprehensive survey of sourdough starter biodiversity, this work identifies processes that control the diversity and function of sourdough microbiomes at a continental scale.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Lotka-Volterra pairwise modeling fails to capture diverse pairwise microbial interactions

    Babak Momeni et al.
    With mathematical modeling being an important source of insight for microbial communities, we may need to move beyond commonly-used pairwise models that do not capture microbial interactions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Changes in the genetic requirements for microbial interactions with increasing community complexity

    Manon Morin et al.
    Analysis of the global genetic requirements and gene expression changes in E. coli in the presence of a simple microbiome revealed pairwise and higher-order interactions, and underlying molecular mechanisms.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Disentangling strictly self-serving mutations from win-win mutations in a mutualistic microbial community

    Samuel Frederick Mock Hart et al.
    Whereas partner-serving phenotype is intuitively quantified as benefit release rate, molecular genetics revealed an example where this thinking fails, motivating a more general metric.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A microbial clock provides an accurate estimate of the postmortem interval in a mouse model system

    Jessica L Metcalf et al.
    High-throughput sequencing has been used to analyze the microbiome of mouse corpses over a period of 48 days, and to provide an accurate estimate of the time since death.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Strong inter-population cooperation leads to partner intermixing in microbial communities

    Babak Momeni et al.
    Simulations and experiments on systems containing two different populations of microorganisms show that interactions that benefit at least one of the populations can lead to communities with stable compositions, and that strong cooperation between two populations can lead to communities in which both populations are mixed together.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Calibration and analysis of genome-based models for microbial ecology

    Stilianos Louca, Michael Doebeli
    A novel computation tool for microbial community modeling predicts the evolution and diversification of E. coli in laboratory evolution experiments and gives insight into the underlying metabolic processes.
    1. Ecology

    Experimental evaluation of the importance of colonization history in early-life gut microbiota assembly

    Inés Martínez et al.
    Experiments in ex-germ-free mice establish a measurable effect of colonization history on gut microbiota assembly, illuminating a potential cause for the high levels of unexplained individuality in host-associated microbial communities.
    1. Ecology

    Multistability and regime shifts in microbial communities explained by competition for essential nutrients

    Veronika Dubinkina et al.
    Multistability and regime shifts are common and species diversity is high in microbial communities when nutrient supplies are balanced and competing species have different stoichiometries of essential nutrients.

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