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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An asymmetric sheath controls flagellar supercoiling and motility in the leptospira spirochete

    Kimberley H Gibson et al.
    The corkscrew-like motility of Spirochete bacteria is enabled by a unique, asymmetrically constructed flagellum that wraps around the cell body within the periplasm.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Membrane-partitioned cell wall synthesis in mycobacteria

    Alam García-Heredia et al.
    Mycobacteria employ plasma membrane compartments to organize their cell wall synthesis, and the finalized cell wall compartmentalizes the plasma membrane to promote an environment conducive to its own synthesis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Seasonal variation and etiologic inferences of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea mortality in India

    Daniel S Farrar et al.
    Nationally-representative verbal autopsies can be linked to seasonal patterns, clinical syndromes, and climate regions to describe novel insights regarding the microbiologic etiologies of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea in India.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Biophysics: Common concepts for bacterial collectives

    Hannah Jeckel et al.
    The expansion of bacterial swarms and the spreading of biofilms can be described by a unified biophysical theory that involves both active and passive processes.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacteria: How Legionella defend their turf

    Elisa D Hughes, Michele S Swanson
    Communities of bacteria that cause Legionnaire’s disease repel other bacteria by secreting an acid called HGA.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Ecology
    E. coli illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unexhausted potential of E. coli

    Zachary D Blount
    A better understanding of the remarkable diversity, natural history and complex ecology of E. coli in the wild could shed new light on its biology and role in disease, and further expand its many uses as a model organism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genomic and healthcare dynamics of nosocomial SARS-CoV-2 transmission

    Jamie M Ellingford et al.
    Characterisation of SARS-CoV-2 genomic divergence in healthcare-associated outbreaks demonstrates that the inclusion of healthcare workers in contact networks identifies additional links in SARS-CoV-2 transmission pathways.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new protocol for single-cell RNA-seq reveals stochastic gene expression during lag phase in budding yeast

    Abbas Jariani et al.
    A new high-throughput method for single-cell RNA-seq in yeast cells shows how stochastic expression of glucose-repressed genes contributes to cell-to-cell differences during adaptation to an environmental change.
    1. Ecology

    Substantial near-infrared radiation-driven photosynthesis of chlorophyll f-containing cyanobacteria in a natural habitat

    Michael Kühl et al.
    Cyanobacteria with chlorophyll f show substantial near-infrared radiation-driven photosynthesis and can play an important role for primary production in endolithic, intertidal habitats.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A CTP-dependent gating mechanism enables ParB spreading on DNA

    Adam SB Jalal et al.
    A structural and biochemical approach shows that CTP binding and hydrolysis regulate nucleation, spreading, and recycling of a chromosome segregation protein ParB.