266 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut microbiota density influences host physiology and is shaped by host and microbial factors

    Eduardo J Contijoch et al.
    The density of the gut microbiota influences the host immune system and adiposity, and can be therapeutically manipulated.
  1. Philosophy of Biology: Health, ecology and the microbiome

    S Andrew Inkpen
    The interactions between communities of microbial species and their human hosts raise questions about the nature of health and disease.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    Zebrafish illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Advancing biology through a deeper understanding of zebrafish ecology and evolution

    David M Parichy
    The zebrafish is a premier model organism for biomedical research, with a rich array of tools and genomic resources, and combining these with a fuller appreciation of wild zebrafish ecology could greatly extend its utility in biological research.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    Killifish illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Nothobranchius furzeri, an 'instant' fish from an ephemeral habitat

    Martin Reichard, Matej Polačik
    The turquoise killifish from ephemeral pools in African savannah combines extremely short lifespan with a standard vertebrate body plan – ideal attributes for a laboratory animal.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    House sparrow illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The house sparrow in the service of basic and applied biology

    Haley E Hanson et al.
    The house sparrow, one of the most ubiquitous birds in the world, is now used extensively in studies across disciplines in the life sciences.
    1. Ecology

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Philosophy of Biology: Immunology and individuality

    Thomas Pradeu
    Discussions about biological individuality and immunogenicity continue the long history of dialogue between philosophers and immunologists.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Reproducibility in Cancer Biology: The who, where and how of fusobacteria and colon cancer

    Cynthia L Sears
    The association between the bacterium Fusobacterium nucleatum and human colon cancer is more complicated than it first appeared.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant Pathology: Plasmid-powered evolutionary transitions

    Ryan A Melnyk, Cara H Haney
    The acquisition of a virulence plasmid is sufficient to turn a beneficial strain of Rhodococcus bacteria into a pathogen.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Towards a mechanistic foundation of evolutionary theory

    Michael Doebeli et al.
    A description of evolution that is based on birth-death processes, and in which fitness is at most a derived quantity, is advocated.

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