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    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Social networks predict gut microbiome composition in wild baboons

    Jenny Tung et al.
    Social interactions can have a direct effect on the composition of the gut microbiome in wild primates.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut microbiota density influences host physiology and is shaped by host and microbial factors

    Eduardo J Contijoch et al.
    The density of the gut microbiota influences the host immune system and adiposity, and can be therapeutically manipulated.
    1. Ecology

    Experimental evaluation of the importance of colonization history in early-life gut microbiota assembly

    Inés Martínez et al.
    Experiments in ex-germ-free mice establish a measurable effect of colonization history on gut microbiota assembly, illuminating a potential cause for the high levels of unexplained individuality in host-associated microbial communities.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host genetic selection for cold tolerance shapes microbiome composition and modulates its response to temperature

    Fotini Kokou et al.
    Microbiome and transcriptomic profiling of genetically selected tropical fish with high and low tolerance to cold exposure revealed host control over microbiome composition and response to temperature changes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Regulation of life span by the gut microbiota in the short-lived African turquoise killifish

    Patrick Smith et al.
    Resetting a young gut microbiota in middle-aged individuals extends life span and slows aging in the naturally short-lived turquoise killifish, a new vertebrate model organism to study how the microbiota affects the aging process.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibiotic-induced changes in the microbiota disrupt redox dynamics in the gut

    Aspen T Reese et al.
    Disturbing the microbiota with antibiotics alters gut redox state via changes in electron acceptor availability, setting the stage for post-antibiotic succession.
  1. Philosophy of Biology: Health, ecology and the microbiome

    S Andrew Inkpen
    The interactions between communities of microbial species and their human hosts raise questions about the nature of health and disease.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Metagenomics: Social behavior and the microbiome

    Jack A Gilbert
    Insight
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional metagenomics-guided discovery of potent Cas9 inhibitors in the human microbiome

    Kevin J Forsberg et al.
    A high-throughput, activity-based selection identifies many phage-derived inhibitors of Cas9 from human fecal and oral metagenomes, with at least one inhibitor acting via a novel mechanism.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pathogenic shifts in endogenous microbiota impede tissue regeneration via distinct activation of TAK1/MKK/p38

    Christopher P Arnold et al.
    An innate immune system signaling pathway in planarians has a dual role: it enhances apoptosis during bacterial infection, but represses apoptosis during tissue regeneration in the absence of infection.