99 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Automatic discovery of cell types and microcircuitry from neural connectomics

    Eric Jonas, Konrad Kording
    An algorithm for analysing brain connectivity data identifies cell types and connections in simple (C. elegans) and complex (mouse) nervous systems, and can even resolve structure and connectivity in a man-made microprocessor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Wiring variations that enable and constrain neural computation in a sensory microcircuit

    William F Tobin et al.
    Systematic and coordinated variations in morphology and connectivity can structurally tune a microcircuit's computation but non-systematic variably also exists, imparting "connection noise" that potentially limits processing performance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sparse recurrent excitatory connectivity in the microcircuit of the adult mouse and human cortex

    Stephanie C Seeman et al.
    A high-throughput pipeline for the characterization of cortical connectivity in mouse and human cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanosensory neurons control the timing of spinal microcircuit selection during locomotion

    Steven Knafo et al.
    Bioluminescence monitoring and selective silencing in zebrafish larva reveal a novel sensorimotor circuit modulating speed in the moving spinal cord.
    1. Neuroscience

    The inhibitory microcircuit of the substantia nigra provides feedback gain control of the basal ganglia output

    Jennifer Brown et al.
    Negative feedback signals within the substantia nigra regulate the output of the basal ganglia, with implications for disorders such as Parkinson's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal microcircuits comprising dI3 interneurons are necessary for motor functional recovery following spinal cord transection

    Tuan V Bui et al.
    A genetically-defined population of spinal interneurons is reciprocally connected with spinal locomotor circuits and mediates recovery of locomotor function following spinal cord transection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Connectomics of the zebrafish's lateral-line neuromast reveals wiring and miswiring in a simple microcircuit

    Eliot Dow et al.
    The technique of serial blockface scanning electron microscopy, which permits the complete reconstruction of neuronal structures, allows comparison of the detailed "wiring diagrams" of lateral-line receptor organs in wild-type and mutant zebrafish.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between respiratory oscillators in adult rats

    Robert TR Huckstepp et al.
    Active expiration in anesthetized rats is driven by the lateral parafacial region, but requires an additional form of excitation from another source.
    1. Neuroscience

    Metformin reverses early cortical network dysfunction and behavior changes in Huntington’s disease

    Isabelle Arnoux et al.
    In a premanifest mouse model of Huntington's disease at a stage very far from disease onset, significant network and behavior dysregulation was found, being rebalanced by treatment with metformin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stereotyped spatial patterns of functional synaptic connectivity in the cerebellar cortex

    Antoine M Valera et al.
    Functional synaptic organization in the cerebellar cortex is stereotyped and associates distant modules through parallel fibers.

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