47 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    In vivo detection of optically-evoked opioid peptide release

    Ream Al-Hasani et al.
    In vivo detection of optically evoked endogenous opioid peptides reveals anatomically distinct release profiles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute inhibition of neurosteroid estrogen synthesis suppresses status epilepticus in an animal model

    Satoru M Sato, Catherine S Woolley
    Seizures stimulate estrogen synthesis in the brain and acutely inhibiting brain estrogen synthesis suppresses seizures, in both sexes, without additional interventions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin-1 is the Ca2+ sensor for fast striatal dopamine release

    Aditi Banerjee et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiological analyses reveal calcium-triggering mechanisms for dopamine release in the striatum that may enable fast and slow dopamine coding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of astrocytes in hippocampus decreases fear memory through adenosine A1 receptors

    Yulan Li et al.
    A new strategy of memory consolidation disruption based on astrocyte and purinergic signaling, which leads to persistent fear memory attenuation accompanied by reduced fear-related anxiety behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    The paraventricular thalamus is a critical mediator of top-down control of cue-motivated behavior in rats

    Paolo Campus et al.
    A top-down circuit generating from the prelimbic cortex and projecting to the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus mediates individual differences in cue-elicited responding by affecting subcortical dopamine-dependent incentive learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intercollicular commissural connections refine the representation of sound frequency and level in the auditory midbrain

    Llwyd David Orton, Adrian Rees
    Deactivation of one side of the auditory midbrain while recording in the other shows that the two sides cooperate in processing frequency and in enhancing the encoding of sound level.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Science Forum: Nanoscape, a data-driven 3D real-time interactive virtual cell environment

    Shereen R Kadir et al.
    Computer visualization techniques developed for video games can be repurposed to enable viewers to explore cells and their environment in three dimensions.
    1. Neuroscience

    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum stimulation reverses motor symptoms and synaptic deficits in Huntington’s disease

    Sara Fernández-García et al.
    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum circuit is functionally altered in Huntington's disease and, by boosting its activity, we reverse symptoms at behavioral, physiological, and morphological level in symptomatic mice.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Initial elevations in glutamate and dopamine neurotransmission decline with age, as does exploratory behavior, in LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice

    Mattia Volta et al.
    LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice are a genetically faithful model that recapitulates the slow disease progression of familial PD, with initial alterations to behaviour and neurotransmission providing early pathophysiological targets for neuroprotective interventions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Forebrain deletion of the dystonia protein torsinA causes dystonic-like movements and loss of striatal cholinergic neurons

    Samuel S Pappas et al.
    Conditional forebrain deletion of Tor1a generates a dystonia model with face, construct, and predictive validity, and demonstrates that striatal cholinergic interneurons are selectively vulnerable to loss of the dystonia protein torsinA.

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