586 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Quantification of microenvironmental metabolites in murine cancers reveals determinants of tumor nutrient availability

    Mark R Sullivan et al.
    The nutrients available in some tumors and the factors that influence tumor nutrient availability are characterized, which provides insight into the metabolic constraints of the tumor microenvironment.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Determination of host proteins composing the microenvironment of coronavirus replicase complexes by proximity-labeling

    Philip V'kovski et al.
    The molecular microenvironment of coronaviral replicase complexes provides functional and spatial links between conserved cellular processes and viral RNA synthesis, and highlights potential targets for the development of novel antivirals.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nuclear microenvironments modulate transcription from low-affinity enhancers

    Albert Tsai et al.
    Efficient transcription from low-affinity enhancers is driven by nuclear microenvironments of transcription factors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Tumor microenvironment derived exosomes pleiotropically modulate cancer cell metabolism

    Hongyun Zhao et al.
    Exosomes from cancer-associated fibroblasts enhance the "Warburg effect" in tumors and contain de novo metabolites that can contribute to the entire compendia of central carbon metabolism within cancer cells.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Evolution of fibroblasts in the lung metastatic microenvironment is driven by stage-specific transcriptional plasticity

    Ophir Shani et al.
    Metastases-associated fibroblasts show stage-dependent transcriptional plasticity and their rewiring is regulated by Myc.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Dissecting the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments in Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip for optimized PD-1 immunotherapy

    Xin Cui et al.
    A biomimetic and patient-specific Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip microphysiological system provides an avenue for personalized screening of PD-1 immunotherapy and novel combinational therapies that maximize therapeutic outcomes in Glioblastoma patients.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Biomechanical remodeling of the microenvironment by stromal caveolin-1 favors tumor invasion and metastasis

    Mee Rie Sheen et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced some parts of the original paper but other parts could not be interpreted.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Long-term intravital imaging of the multicolor-coded tumor microenvironment during combination immunotherapy

    Shuhong Qi et al.
    Tregs form an "immunosuppressive ring" around solid tumors that is broken down during adoptive cell therapy and cyclophosphamide combination immunotherapy.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling contributes to an inflammatory microenvironment and its blockade enhances progression of murine pancreatic precancerous lesions

    Veethika Pandey et al.
    Blockage of CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling between murine pancreatic precancerous lesion cells and inflammatory macrophages generates a tumor-promoting microenvironment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Profiling sensory neuron microenvironment after peripheral and central axon injury reveals key pathways for neural repair

    Oshri Avraham et al.
    The microenvironment surrounding sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia responds differently to peripheral and central injuries, revealing that non-neuronal cells can be manipulated to promote axon regeneration after central injury.

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