13 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polymerase θ is a robust terminal transferase that oscillates between three different mechanisms during end-joining

    Tatiana Kent et al.
    Polymerase θ is among the most proficient terminal transferases known and switches between three different mechanisms of terminal transferase activity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Inter-Fork Strand Annealing causes genomic deletions during the termination of DNA replication

    Carl A Morrow et al.
    The discovery of a mechanism that causes DNA deletions during non-canonical DNA replication termination is described.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β reduces DNA ds-break repair mechanisms to heighten genetic diversity and adaptability of CD44+/CD24− cancer cells

    Debjani Pal et al.
    Phenotypic diversity and cell state transition (i.e., acquisition of a CD44+/CD24- cell state or exposure to TGF-beta) can spur intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity and contribute to acquired resistance.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Transposition-mediated DNA re-replication in maize

    Jianbo Zhang et al.
    Transposition reactions that occur during DNA replication and involve the termini of adjacent transposons can induce genome expansion by re-replication of transposon-flanking sequences.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    p53 orchestrates DNA replication restart homeostasis by suppressing mutagenic RAD52 and POLθ pathways

    Sunetra Roy et al.
    p53 suppresses genome instability by direct role at stalled replication forks for pathway regulation that explains transcription-independent p53 tumor-suppressor functions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Current CRISPR gene drive systems are likely to be highly invasive in wild populations

    Charleston Noble et al.
    If released in the wild, current CRISPR-based gene drive systems designed to alter populations could spread much farther than intended, despite the evolution of drive resistance.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The novel lncRNA lnc-NR2F1 is pro-neurogenic and mutated in human neurodevelopmental disorders

    Cheen Euong Ang et al.
    lnc-Nr2f1, a long non-coding RNA focally deleted in autism patients, directly occupies and regulates neuronal genes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mutational phospho-mimicry reveals a regulatory role for the XRCC4 and XLF C-terminal tails in modulating DNA bridging during classical non-homologous end joining

    Davide Normanno et al.
    In concert phosphorylation site modification of both XRCC4 and XLF C-terminal disordered tails promotes disassembly of XRCC4/XLF DNA tethers during c-NHEJ.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional genomics of lipid metabolism in the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides

    Samuel T Coradetti et al.
    Using barcoded mutagenesis and a high-throughput genetic screen results in the identification of 150 genes that affect lipid accumulation in a non-model yeast system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Catastrophic chromosomal restructuring during genome elimination in plants

    Ek Han Tan et al.
    Complex chromosomal rearrangements similar to those described in cancer and developmental syndromes occur in plants during postzygotic genome elimination, a centromeric-derived incompatibility.

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