33 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Spatial inter-centromeric interactions facilitated the emergence of evolutionary new centromeres

    Krishnendu Guin et al.
    Proximity and homology guided inter-chromosomal translocations drive karyotype evolution.
    1. Cell Biology

    Actin assembly ruptures the nuclear envelope by prying the lamina away from nuclear pores and nuclear membranes in starfish oocytes

    Natalia Wesolowska et al.
    Combined light and electron microscopy reveals a new function for Arp2/3-mediated actin assembly in nuclear envelope rupture, which leads to a separation of nuclear membranes and pores from the lamina.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tight nuclear tethering of cGAS is essential for preventing autoreactivity

    Hannah E Volkman et al.
    Tight nuclear tethering of the cGAS DNA sensor maintains it in its resting state and prevents activation by self-DNA.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Micronuclei-based model system reveals functional consequences of chromothripsis in human cells

    Maja Kneissig et al.
    A method to generate human cells with massive chromosomal aberrations on a specific chromosome allows analysis of their consequences.
    1. Cell Biology

    DNA damage checkpoint activation impairs chromatin homeostasis and promotes mitotic catastrophe during aging

    Matthew M Crane et al.
    Activation of a DNA-damage cell cycle checkpoint during aging causes genome instability and senescence in yeast mother cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    TRAIP drives replisome disassembly and mitotic DNA repair synthesis at sites of incomplete DNA replication

    Remi Sonneville et al.
    The TRAIP ubiquitin ligase is required during mitosis to disassemble the replisome at sites of incomplete DNA replication, and activate the mitotic DNA repair pathway, thus preserving genome integrity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Live cell imaging of meiosis in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Maria A Prusicki et al.
    Live cell imaging and the in vivo dissection into distinct stages, called landmarks, represents a new methodology for analyzing meiosis in Arabidopsis and likely in other species as well.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Kinetochore protein depletion underlies cytokinesis failure and somatic polyploidization in the moss Physcomitrella patens

    Elena Kozgunova et al.
    Lagging chromosomes in anaphase inhibits cytokinesis in plant cells.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Werner syndrome helicase is a selective vulnerability of microsatellite instability-high tumor cells

    Simone Lieb et al.
    Targeting Werner syndrome helicase might constitute a novel opportunity for the treatment of a clinically defined subset of patients harboring MSI-H/MMR-deficient tumors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    The modular mechanism of chromocenter formation in Drosophila

    Madhav Jagannathan et al.
    Cell biological study reveals the mechanism by which multiple satellite-DNA-binding proteins cooperate to form chromocenter to encapsulate the full complement of chromosomes.

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