4,077 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Self-sperm induce resistance to the detrimental effects of sexual encounters with males in hermaphroditic nematodes

    Lauren N Booth et al.
    Nematode hermaphroditism has co-evolved with a self-sperm sensing mechanism that protects hermaphrodites from the detrimental effects of mating with males.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Insulin-like peptides and the mTOR-TFEB pathway protect Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites from mating-induced death

    Cheng Shi et al.
    Hermaphroditic Caenorhabditis elegans slow the onset of mating-induced death through self-sperm-regulated insulin-like gene expression, which regulates the activity of the IIS/FOXO pathway, mTOR signaling, and the TFEB/HLH-30 transcription factor.
    1. Neuroscience

    MagC, magnetic collection of ultrathin sections for volumetric correlative light and electron microscopy

    Thomas Templier
    The augmentation of resin-embedded sample blocks with magnetic resin allows remote actuation of ultrathin sections and deposition at high packing density onto silicon wafers for correlative light and electron microscopy.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Testis single-cell RNA-seq reveals the dynamics of de novo gene transcription and germline mutational bias in Drosophila

    Evan Witt et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing and germline substitutions provide novel insights into how testis is a hotspot for evolutionary innovation of genes, expression, and mutation at the single-cell level.
    1. Neuroscience

    Enrichment drives emergence of functional columns and improves sensory coding in the whisker map in L2/3 of mouse S1

    Amy M LeMessurier et al.
    Sensory enrichment creates a more columnar, less salt-and-pepper whisker map in somatosensory cortex, showing that impoverished experience contributes to intermixed tuning in rodent sensory maps.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ataxin-7 and Non-stop coordinate SCAR protein levels, subcellular localization, and actin cytoskeleton organization

    Veronica Cloud et al.
    An unbiased biochemical screen reveals a direct link between gene regulation and actin cytoskeleton remodeling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Possible magneto-mechanical and magneto-thermal mechanisms of ion channel activation in magnetogenetics

    Mladen Barbic
    Several new magneto-mechanical and magneto-thermal mechanisms of ion channel activation in magnetogenetics are proposed that may explain some of the mysteries that challenge current understanding of the magnetogenetics experiments.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Nanoscale organization of rotavirus replication machineries

    Yasel Garcés Suárez et al.
    Super-resolution microscopy reveals, at nanometric-scale, the highly organized protein structure of viroplasms, the viral factories used by rotavirus to replicate its genome and assemble new viral particles.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PHLPP1 counter-regulates STAT1-mediated inflammatory signaling

    Ksenya Cohen Katsenelson et al.
    Uncovering a mechanism for how inflammatory signaling is opposed by a phosphatase identifies a potential druggable target to treat E. coli sepsis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Ancestral reconstruction reveals mechanisms of ERK regulatory evolution

    Dajun Sang et al.
    Tight regulation of a central developmental kinase cascade evolved through two key mutations.

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