506 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Meiosis I chromosome segregation is established through regulation of microtubule–kinetochore interactions

    Matthew P Miller et al.
    Preventing premature interactions between microtubules and protein-based structures called kinetochores ensures that chromosomes are segregated by meiosis rather than mitosis in reproductive cells.
    1. Plant Biology

    A virus responds instantly to the presence of the vector on the host and forms transmission morphs

    Alexandre Martinière et al.
    Cauliflower mosaic virus reacts immediately when aphids feed on the host plant, and this boosts its chances of being taken up and transmitted by the insects to a new plant.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitotic spindle scaling during Xenopus development by kif2a and importin α

    Jeremy D Wilbur, Rebecca Heald
    An interaction between two proteins enables the spindle—the structure that segregates chromosome pairs during mitosis—to change size as cells divide.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kinesin-1 regulates dendrite microtubule polarity in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jing Yan et al.
    A cellular motor protein helps to ensure that microtubules are oriented correctly within neuronal dendrites
    1. Cell Biology

    ER-associated mitochondrial division links the distribution of mitochondria and mitochondrial DNA in yeast

    Andrew Murley et al.
    Sites at which mitochondria contact the endoplasmic reticulum co-localize the replication of mitochondria and their DNA to help ensure that DNA is distributed appropriately between the newly formed organelles in cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Intraflagellar transport drives flagellar surface motility

    Sheng Min Shih et al.
    The transport of proteins along flagellar microtubules generates the force that enables flagella to propel cells across surfaces.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single molecule imaging reveals a major role for diffusion in the exploration of ciliary space by signaling receptors

    Fan Ye et al.
    Membrane receptor proteins move through primary cilia largely by passive diffusion rather than by active intraflagellar transport.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Bub3 reads phosphorylated MELT repeats to promote spindle assembly checkpoint signaling

    Ivana Primorac et al.
    The spindle assembly protein Bub3 recruits the checkpoint kinase Bub1 to kinetochores by binding to phosphorylated MELT repeats in the kinetochore subunit Knl1.
    1. Cell Biology

    Inter-Golgi transport mediated by COPI-containing vesicles carrying small cargoes

    Patrina A Pellett et al.
    Evidence that certain proteins can be transported between Golgi via structures that resemble COPI vesicles suggests that these vesicles could also be involved in the transport of proteins from the cis to the trans face of the Golgi.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sgol2 provides a regulatory platform that coordinates essential cell cycle processes during meiosis I in oocytes

    Ahmed Rattani et al.
    Shugoshin-like protein 2 (Sgol2) is involved in a variety of cell cycle process during the first stage of meiotic division.

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