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    1. Cell Biology

    The influence of dynein processivity control, MAPs, and microtubule ends on directional movement of a localising mRNA

    Harish Chandra Soundararajan, Simon L Bullock
    In vitro reconstitution of mRNA motility reveals the basis of directionally biased motion by groups of motors, their response to potential obstacles, and the consequences of reaching microtubule ends.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conserved mechanisms of microtubule-stimulated ADP release, ATP binding, and force generation in transport kinesins

    Joseph Atherton et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy reconstructions of two microtubule-bound transport kinesins at 7 Å resolution reveal how microtubule track binding stimulates ADP release, primes the active site for ATP binding and enables force generation.
    1. Cell Biology

    WDR90 is a centriolar microtubule wall protein important for centriole architecture integrity

    Emmanuelle Steib et al.
    Centriole integrity is ensured by the connection between the inner scaffold and microtubule triplets through POC16/WDR90 proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ser/Thr kinase Trc controls neurite outgrowth in Drosophila by modulating microtubule-microtubule sliding

    Rosalind Norkett et al.
    Microtubule-microtubule sliding and neurite outgrowth in Drosophila is controlled by a Ser/Thr kinase Tricornered via phosphorylation of a 'mitotic' motor protein Pavarotti.
    1. Cell Biology

    In vitro reconstitution of branching microtubule nucleation

    Ammarah Tariq et al.
    Purification of two conserved protein complexes, the γ-TuRC and Augmin, using a simple affinity technique, demonstrates that they are necessary and sufficient for the essential phenomenon of branching microtubule nucleation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Remote control of microtubule plus-end dynamics and function from the minus-end

    Xiuzhen Chen et al.
    A mechanism for yeast centrosomes to differentiate the microtubule cytoskeleton.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Design principles of a microtubule polymerase

    Elisabeth A Geyer et al.
    Antagonism between binding to unpolymerized subunits and to the lattice leads to a ratcheting model for the processive action of a microtubule polymerase.
    1. Cell Biology

    Exportin Crm1 is repurposed as a docking protein to generate microtubule organizing centers at the nuclear pore

    Xun X Bao et al.
    Microtubule nucleation from the nuclear envelope in fission yeast involves repurposing of nuclear export proteins for a non-export-related function, docking cytoplasmic proteins at nuclear pore complexes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insight into TPX2-stimulated microtubule assembly

    Rui Zhang et al.
    A combination of cryo-electron microscopy of TPX2 bound to microtubules and in vitro reconstitution experiments reveals a novel microtubule interaction mode that explains how TPX2 promotes microtubule nucleation and stabilization.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Physical basis of large microtubule aster growth

    Keisuke Ishihara et al.
    Autocatalytic growth of a microtubule polymer network allows extremely large egg cells to self-organize and divide rapidly.