536 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A fully automated high-throughput workflow for 3D-based chemical screening in human midbrain organoids

    Henrik Renner et al.
    Automated liquid handling, whole mount staining, and clearing allow unbiased 3D quantitation of cell markers in human neural organoids with diameters of up to 1 mm at the single-cell level.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Noise modulation in retinoic acid signaling sharpens segmental boundaries of gene expression in the embryonic zebrafish hindbrain

    Julian Sosnik et al.
    Direct measurements of retinoic acid using fluorescence lifetime imaging reveal a new role for cellular retinoic acid binding proteins in noise attenuation that is critical to sharpen hindbrain rhombomere boundaries.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory prediction errors in the human midbrain signal identity violations independent of perceptual distance

    Javier A Suarez et al.
    Activity in the midbrain responds to unexpected changes in outcome identity (i.e. sensory prediction error) but does not scale with perceptual distance between expected and receipt reward.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociation of task engagement and arousal effects in auditory cortex and midbrain

    Daniela Saderi et al.
    Data collected from two important auditory brain areas distinguish effects of generalized arousal and specific task engagement on neural sensory coding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons sustain inhibitory transmission using plasma membrane uptake of GABA, not synthesis

    Nicolas X Tritsch et al.
    The molecular mechanisms by which midbrain dopamine neurons acquire the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA for synaptic release are revealed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic representation of 3D auditory space in the midbrain of the free-flying echolocating bat

    Ninad B Kothari et al.
    Neurons in the midbrain superior colliculus of free-flying echolocating bats represent 3D sensory space, and the depth tuning of single neurons is modulated by an animal's active sonar inspection of physical objects in its environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopaminergic inputs gate amygdala intercalated cell clusters by distinct and cooperative mechanisms in male mice

    Ayla Aksoy-Aksel et al.
    Dopaminergic input shapes activity of specialized amygdala inhibitory cell clusters by ionotropic and metabotropic mechanisms that may enable their selection during distinct fear-related behavioral states.
    1. Neuroscience

    The BigBrainWarp toolbox for integration of BigBrain 3D histology with multimodal neuroimaging

    Casey Paquola et al.
    The BigBrainWarp toolbox facilitates integration of 3D human brain histology with neuroimaging, helping neuroscientists to utilise cytoarchitectural information in conjunction with in vivo imaging.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons compute inferred and cached value prediction errors in a common framework

    Brian F Sadacca et al.
    Midbrain dopamine neurons in rats signal discrepancies between predicted and actual rewards, regardless of whether the rewards are predicted on the basis of experience or inference.
    1. Neuroscience

    RIM is essential for stimulated but not spontaneous somatodendritic dopamine release in the midbrain

    Brooks G Robinson et al.
    Midbrain dopamine neurons use sophisticated secretory machinery to establish specialized sites for action potential-evoked release of dopamine from their cell bodies and dendrites.

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