1,617 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Meiosis I chromosome segregation is established through regulation of microtubule–kinetochore interactions

    Matthew P Miller et al.
    Preventing premature interactions between microtubules and protein-based structures called kinetochores ensures that chromosomes are segregated by meiosis rather than mitosis in reproductive cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromosome mis-segregation and cytokinesis failure in trisomic human cells

    Joshua M Nicholson et al.
    Aneuploidy can cause chromosome mis-segregation and specific cellular phenotypes driven by expression of genes on the extra chromosome.
    1. Cell Biology

    Centrosome age regulates kinetochore–microtubule stability and biases chromosome mis-segregation

    Ivana Gasic et al.
    The presence of cenexin at the old centrosome imposes a functional asymmetry on the mitotic spindle that impacts chromosome alignment and segregation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    SMC5/6 is required for replication fork stability and faithful chromosome segregation during neurogenesis

    Alisa Atkins et al.
    The structural maintenance of chromosomes complex, SMC5/6, is crucial for brain development and function as it ensures proficient DNA replication in neural progenitor cells prior to chromosome segregation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing factors Sf3A2 and Prp31 have direct roles in mitotic chromosome segregation

    Claudia Pellacani et al.
    Extensive cytological and biochemical analyses show that the conserved Sf3A2 and Prp31 splicing factors bind microtubules and the Ndc80 complex, playing direct mitotic functions in both Drosophila and human mitosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The MAP kinase pathway coordinates crossover designation with disassembly of synaptonemal complex proteins during meiosis

    Saravanapriah Nadarajan et al.
    Coordination between crossover designation and synaptonemal complex disassembly is executed via a conserved MAP kinase pathway and is critical for accurate chromosome segregation during meiosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mechanisms of chromosome biorientation and bipolar spindle assembly analyzed by computational modeling

    Christopher Edelmaier et al.
    A computational model of fission yeast mitosis can interrogate mechanisms required for successful mitosis, the origin of spindle length fluctuations, and spindle force balance during assembly.
    1. Cell Biology

    Male meiotic spindle features that efficiently segregate paired and lagging chromosomes

    Gunar Fabig et al.
    Chromosome segregation in male spermatocytes exhibits anaphase A without shortening of autosome-associated microtubules and partitioning of an unpaired X chromosome that is initiated by an imbalance of attached kinetochore microtubules.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The metal cofactor zinc and interacting membranes modulate SOD1 conformation-aggregation landscape in an in vitro ALS model

    Achinta Sannigrahi et al.
    How do the metal cofactors present in the protein SOD1 collaborate with the interacting membrane to define the role of this protein in the disease ALS?
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A conserved histidine modulates HSPB5 structure to trigger chaperone activity in response to stress-related acidosis

    Ponni Rajagopal et al.
    Small decreases in pH associated with cellular stress conditions unleash a cryptic mode of client binding in a ubiquitously expressed human small heat shock protein that is more effective at delaying client aggregation.

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