577 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Time-resolved phosphoproteomics reveals scaffolding and catalysis-responsive patterns of SHP2-dependent signaling

    Vidyasiri Vemulapalli et al.
    Monitoring SHP2 phosphoproteome dynamics identifies new substrate sites and sites protected from dephosphorylation by its SH2 domains, highlighting distinct scaffolding and catalytic activities in effecting a transmembrane signaling response.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The dimeric Golgi protein Gorab binds to Sas6 as a monomer to mediate centriole duplication

    Agnieszka Fatalska et al.
    The dual functional protein, Gorab, associates with the Golgi as a dimer but as a monomer with the procentriole cartwheel protein, Sas6, to mediate centriole duplication.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A common 1.6 mb Y-chromosomal inversion predisposes to subsequent deletions and severe spermatogenic failure in humans

    Pille Hallast et al.
    In addition to its academic merits, characterizing the genetic determinants of male (in)fertility and identifying clinically actionable genetic variants can lead to improved diagnosis or even treatment of such conditions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    A KDM5–Prospero transcriptional axis functions during early neurodevelopment to regulate mushroom body formation

    Hayden AM Hatch et al.
    The histone demethylase KDM5 functions in concert with the transcription factor Prospero to regulate a gene expression program that is required for mushroom body neuroanatomical development.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Association of Toll-like receptor 7 variants with life-threatening COVID-19 disease in males: findings from a nested case-control study

    Chiara Fallerini et al.
    In the context of susceptibility to severe COVID-19, the observations of a study provide the basis for a personalized interferon-based therapy in patients with rare TLR7 variants.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic disruption of WASHC4 drives endo-lysosomal dysfunction and cognitive-movement impairments in mice and humans

    Jamie L Courtland et al.
    Cellular etiology of a human WASH complex mutation in mice reveals its specific roles in neuronal organelle trafficking and a surprising role in motor impairments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sushi domain-containing protein 4 controls synaptic plasticity and motor learning

    Inés González-Calvo et al.
    SUSD4 loss-of-function induces misregulation of GLUA2 degradation and of synaptic plasticity suggesting a mechanism for its potential contribution to neurodevelopmental disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning precise spatiotemporal sequences via biophysically realistic learning rules in a modular, spiking network

    Ian Cone, Harel Z Shouval
    A computational model shows that it's possible to learn and replay extended temporal sequences in a network of spiking neurons with a modular architecture and a biologically realistic learning rule.
    1. Neuroscience

    Locus coeruleus spiking differently correlates with S1 cortex activity and pupil diameter in a tactile detection task

    Hongdian Yang et al.
    Correlations among LC spiking, membrane potential in S1 cortex, and pupil diameter vary within individual trials of a tactile detection task.
    1. Neuroscience

    C. elegans orthologs MUT-7/CeWRN-1 of Werner syndrome protein regulate neuronal plasticity

    Tsung-Yuan Hsu et al.
    The olfactory learning of Caenorhabditis elegans shows that the exonuclease and helicase domains of human Werner syndrome protein (WRN) coordinately regulate the biogenesis of small interfering RNAs to promote neuronal plasticity.

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