972 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Single cell transcriptome atlas of the Drosophila larval brain

    Clarisse Brunet Avalos et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics identifies cellular composition of the first instar Drosophila brain and the response to starvation.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Chronic muscle weakness and mitochondrial dysfunction in the absence of sustained atrophy in a preclinical sepsis model

    Allison M Owen et al.
    Sepsis-induced long-term muscle weakness was reproduced using a refined murine model, which was accompanied by mitochondrial dysfunction in the absence of sustained atrophy, suggesting the promise of mitochondria-targeted post-sepsis therapies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Formation of a β-barrel membrane protein is catalyzed by the interior surface of the assembly machine protein BamA

    James Lee et al.
    Outer membrane β-barrel proteins in Gram-negative bacteria are assembled within the lumen of the BamA β-barrel.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Endothelial EphB4 maintains vascular integrity and transport function in adult heart

    Guillermo Luxán et al.
    EphB4 maintains critical functional properties of the adult cardiac vasculature, namely mechanical resistance and fatty acid transport capability, and thereby prevents dilated cardiomyopathy-like defects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elevating acetyl-CoA levels reduces aspects of brain aging

    Antonio Currais et al.
    A novel neuroprotective pathway that enhances acetyl-CoA metabolism via inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 may prevent the contribution of the aging process in the brain to Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Free circular introns with an unusual branchpoint in neuronal projections

    Harleen Saini et al.
    A systematic study of RNA localization unexpectedly finds a set of free circular introns with a non-canonical C branchpoint enriched in neuronal projections.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic mitochondria regulate hair-cell synapse size and function

    Hiu-tung C Wong et al.
    Mitochondrial calcium influx plays distinct roles in presynapse formation, function and stability in sensory hair cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Demographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the great auk

    Jessica E Thomas et al.
    Reconstruction of great auk population dynamics suggests that hunting pressure alone could have been responsible for their extinction, demonstrating that even abundant, widespread species can be vulnerable to intense exploitation.

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