675 results found
    1. Plant Biology

    Temperature-dependent fasciation mutants provide a link between mitochondrial RNA processing and lateral root morphogenesis

    Kurataka Otsuka et al.
    Temperature-dependent fasciation mutants of Arabidopsis unexpectedly connect mitochondrial RNA processing to the control of cell proliferation during lateral root morphogenesis via electron transport chain activity and reactive oxygen species production.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteotoxicity from aberrant ribosome biogenesis compromises cell fitness

    Blake W Tye et al.
    Rapidly proliferating cells are at risk of compromised cell fitness due to proteostasis collapse from perturbations that interfere with ribosome biogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Reactivation of RNA metabolism underlies somatic restoration after adult reproductive diapause in C. elegans

    Nikolay Burnaevskiy et al.
    Morphological and functional rejuvenation upon exit from adult reproductive diapause in C. elegans is independent of germline signaling, but instead involves somatic nucleolar activation and expansion of the RNA pool.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Aurora kinase A localises to mitochondria to control organelle dynamics and energy production

    Giulia Bertolin et al.
    AurkA is imported into mitochondria at interphase, and it induces organelle elongation and enhances ATP production when over-expressed.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Highly efficient 5' capping of mitochondrial RNA with NAD+ and NADH by yeast and human mitochondrial RNA polymerase

    Jeremy G Bird et al.
    Eukaryotic mitochondrial RNA polymerases cap RNA with NAD with much higher efficiencies than nuclear RNA polymerase II; as a consequence, mitochondrial RNAs have remarkably high levels of NAD capping.
    1. Cell Biology

    Deficiency of parkin and PINK1 impairs age-dependent mitophagy in Drosophila

    Tom Cornelissen et al.
    Mitophagy occurs in Drosophila flight muscle and dopaminergic neurons in vivo and increases with aging in a PINK1/parkin-dependent fashion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A physicochemical perspective of aging from single-cell analysis of pH, macromolecular and organellar crowding in yeast

    Sara N Mouton et al.
    In mitotically aging yeast cells, the cytosol acidifies, the distances between the organellar membranes decrease dramatically, but crowding on the scale of the average size protein is relatively stable.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cardiac mitochondrial function depends on BUD23 mediated ribosome programming

    Matthew Baxter et al.
    BUD23 links ribosome function with mitochondrial protein expression and efficient oxidative phosphorylation by promoting selective mRNA translation and is therefore critical to mouse development and postnatal cardiac function.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Discovery proteomics in aging human skeletal muscle finds change in spliceosome, immunity, proteostasis and mitochondria

    Ceereena Ubaida-Mohien et al.
    The changes in the skeletal muscle proteome with age indicate the roots of the decline in muscle function with age.

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