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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures reveal gatekeeping of the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter by MICU1-MICU2

    Chongyuan Wang et al.
    Cryo-EM structures reveal that MICU1-MICU2 operates like a regulatable toxin to block the pore of the mitochondrial calcium uniporter and confer Ca2+-dependent control.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The mechanism of MICU-dependent gating of the mitochondrial Ca2+uniporter

    Vivek Garg et al.
    A comprehensive functional analysis of mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU) demonstrates that the auxiliary MICU subunits potentiate Ca2+ transport via MCU.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic mitochondria regulate hair-cell synapse size and function

    Hiu-tung C Wong et al.
    Mitochondrial calcium influx plays distinct roles in presynapse formation, function and stability in sensory hair cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dichotomous role of the human mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+/Li+ exchanger NCLX in colorectal cancer growth and metastasis

    Trayambak Pathak et al.
    Colorectal tumors down-regulate the mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+/Li+ exchanger (NCLX) to alter mitochondrial Ca2+ signaling and initiate transcriptional and metabolic reprogramming that drives tumor chemo-resistance and metastasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake by the voltage-dependent anion channel 2 regulates cardiac rhythmicity

    Hirohito Shimizu et al.
    Enhancing mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake effectively suppresses aberrant Ca2+ induced arrhythmogenic events in zebrafish, mouse and human cardiomyocytes, demonstrating a critical role for mitochondria in the regulation of cardiac rhythmicity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Control of cell death/survival balance by the MET dependence receptor

    Leslie Duplaquet et al.
    MET acts as a dependence receptor in vivo by promoting hepatocyte apoptosis, a response induced by a caspase generated fragment able to favor calcium exchange between endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-aa regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria associations

    Mroj Alassaf, Mary C Halloran
    An extracellular modulator of IGF1 signaling, Pappaa, regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria connections, which are critical for metabolic homeostasis and hair cell survival.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Calmodulin-controlled spatial decoding of oscillatory Ca2+ signals by calcineurin

    Sohum Mehta et al.
    The ability of calcium waves to exert different effects on calcineurin activity depending on subcellular location is mediated by the distribution of calmodulin.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cumulative mitochondrial activity correlates with ototoxin susceptibility in zebrafish mechanosensory hair cells

    Sarah B Pickett et al.
    The history of mitochondrial activity predicts whether zebrafish mechanosensory hair cells live or die after toxic drug exposure.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Identification of a novel toxicophore in anti-cancer chemotherapeutics that targets mitochondrial respiratory complex I

    Zoe A Stephenson et al.
    A novel toxicophore, a 1H-1,2,3-triazole, has been identified in a wide-number of therapeutically-relevant compounds, including two anti-cancer chemotherapeutics, which inhibits mitochondria function and is mechanistically linked to adverse cardiac-cell events.