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    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mitochondrial dysfunction remodels one-carbon metabolism in human cells

    Xiaoyan Robert Bao et al.
    Mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction inhibits mitochondrial one-carbon metabolism, impairing cellular nucleotide biosynthesis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Human genetic analyses of organelles highlight the nucleus in age-related trait heritability

    Rahul Gupta et al.
    Although cellular organelles show a functional deterioration in aging, genetic loci associated with common age-associated disease instead nominate nuclear transcription factors across several age-related diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain clusterin protein isoforms and mitochondrial localization

    Sarah K Herring et al.
    Identification and characterization of multiple brain clusterin isoforms, including a mitochondrial matrix-targeted isoform, provides foundation to potentially clarify the link between these proteins and the development of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse Tmem135 mutation reveals a mechanism involving mitochondrial dynamics that leads to age-dependent retinal pathologies

    Wei-Hua Lee et al.
    The murine protein TMEM135 is a critical link between aging and age-dependent diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Chemoptogenetic ablation of neuronal mitochondria in vivo with spatiotemporal precision and controllable severity

    Wenting Xie et al.
    Novel transgenic zebrafish lines allow selective ablation of neuronal mitochondria by far red light, providing a powerful tool for investigating mitochondrial homeostasis in neurons and mitochondrial mechanisms in neurological disease.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A zebrafish screen reveals Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors as neuroprotective via mitochondrial restoration in dopamine neurons

    Gha-Hyun J Kim et al.
    In vivo dopamine neuron imaging-based neuroprotective small molecule screen in larval zebrafish and mechanistic investigation using conditional CRISPR knockout and cell-type-specific RNA-seq analysis, coupled with cross-species analyses including human clinical data interrogation, uncover potential disease-modifying therapeutics for Parkinson's disease (PD).
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Burst mitofusin activation reverses neuromuscular dysfunction in murine CMT2A

    Antonietta Franco et al.
    A trial of mitofusin activation shows neuron regeneration and phenotype reversal in vitro and in vivo in experimental Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease type 2A caused by mitofusin 2 mutations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nuclear genetic regulation of the human mitochondrial transcriptome

    Aminah T Ali et al.
    Common nuclear genetic variants are associated with fundamental biological processes occurring in human mitochondria and potentially point to novel roles for nuclear genes in transcriptional regulation of the mitochondrial genome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Mitochondrial Bol1 and Bol3 function as assembly factors for specific iron-sulfur proteins

    Marta A Uzarska et al.
    Cell biological, biochemical and structural studies reveal the mechanistic roles of two new mitochondrial iron-sulfur protein assembly factors, explaining the patho-biochemical defects of affected patients.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    LRRK2 maintains mitochondrial homeostasis and regulates innate immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Chi G Weindel et al.
    Long studied in the context of the central nervous system, LRRK2 also functions in peripheral immunity by maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis in macrophages to regulate the type I interferon response.