908 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mitochondrial dysfunction remodels one-carbon metabolism in human cells

    Xiaoyan Robert Bao et al.
    Mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction inhibits mitochondrial one-carbon metabolism, impairing cellular nucleotide biosynthesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitochondria-specific photoactivation to monitor local sphingosine metabolism and function

    Suihan Feng et al.
    Caged, photoactivatible sphingosine localized to mitochondria permits demonstration of the importance of subcellular localization on lipid metabolism and signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis coordinates oxidative metabolism in mammalian mitochondria

    Sara M Nowinski et al.
    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis is best known for producing lipoic acid, however, longer acyl chain products regulate mitochondrial electron transport chain assembly, oxidative TCA cycle metabolism, and skeletal myoblast differentiation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatial control of neuronal metabolism through glucose-mediated mitochondrial transport regulation

    Anamika Agrawal et al.
    A quantitative analysis of glucose-dependent transport regulation indicates that mitochondrial accumulation in regions of high nutrient availability can enhance metabolism in neuronal axons under physiologically relevant conditions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Distinct mitochondrial defects trigger the integrated stress response depending on the metabolic state of the cell

    Eran Mick et al.
    Mitochondrial electron transport chain dysfunction triggers the integrated stress response due to an asparagine deficiency downstream of impaired NADH oxidation in proliferating myoblasts, but not in differentiated myotubes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A tryparedoxin-coupled biosensor reveals a mitochondrial trypanothione metabolism in trypanosomes

    Samantha Ebersoll et al.
    African trypanosomes have a trypanothione-based mitochondrial thiol redox metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presenilin mutations deregulate mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis and metabolic activity causing neurodegeneration in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Shaarika Sarasija et al.
    In C. elegans, presenilin functions, independent of its gamma-secretase proteolytic activity, to regulate mitochondrial metabolism by controlling ER-mitochondrial calcium transfer and, even in the absence of Abeta signaling, loss of this activity leads to neurodegeneration.
    1. Cell Biology

    Metabolic flexibility via mitochondrial BCAA carrier SLC25A44 is required for optimal fever

    Takeshi Yoneshiro et al.
    Genetic and cellular studies in rodents found branched-chain amino acids are critical nutrients that are transported and oxidized in the mitochondria through their carrier MBC for optimal febrile responses.
    1. Cell Biology

    Loss of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) impairs sperm function and male reproductive advantage in C. elegans

    Chia-An Yen et al.
    Loss of FAD stemming from cell autonomous defects in mitochondrial proline catabolism impairs sperm quality male reproductive advantage in C. elegans.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitochondrial fusion is required for spermatogonial differentiation and meiosis

    Grigor Varuzhanyan et al.
    Mitochondrial fusion enables a metabolic transition during spermatogenesis.

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