191 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Nanoresolution real-time 3D orbital tracking for studying mitochondrial trafficking in vertebrate axons in vivo

    Fabian Wehnekamp et al.
    The ability to follow single objects in 3D in a living organism with high spatiotemporal resolution opens new possibilities for quantitative biophysical studies of complex systems in their physiological context.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatial control of neuronal metabolism through glucose-mediated mitochondrial transport regulation

    Anamika Agrawal et al.
    A quantitative analysis of glucose-dependent transport regulation indicates that mitochondrial accumulation in regions of high nutrient availability can enhance metabolism in neuronal axons under physiologically relevant conditions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cation selectivity of the presequence translocase channel Tim23 is crucial for efficient protein import

    Niels Denkert et al.
    Channel characteristics of the presequence translocation pore have a direct impact on protein import into the mitochondrial matrix.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Tim29 is a novel subunit of the human TIM22 translocase and is involved in complex assembly and stability

    Yilin Kang et al.
    A novel and metazoan-specific protein, Tim29, is identified as a subunit of the human TIM22 complex and shown to function in the assembly of hTim22 and facilitate contacts with the TOM complex.
    1. Cell Biology

    Function of hTim8a in complex IV assembly in neuronal cells provides insight into pathomechanism underlying Mohr-Tranebjærg syndrome

    Yilin Kang et al.
    A neuronal specific function of the mitochondrial chaperone, hTim8a in Complex IV biology provides insight into the pathomechanisms underlying the mitochondrial disease, Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Differential requirements for cyclase-associated protein (CAP) in actin-dependent processes of Toxoplasma gondii

    Alex Hunt et al.
    Partially overlapping functions of a limited subset of actin binding proteins allow the parasite Toxoplasma gondii to achieve actin regulation required for complex cellular processes.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Endothelial heterogeneity across distinct vascular beds during homeostasis and inflammation

    Ankit Jambusaria et al.
    Vascular endothelial cells in the brain, heart and lung exhibit tissue-specific heterogeneity and plasticity, expressing genes that were traditionally thought to be only expressed by the surrounding parenchymal tissue cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Brain-specific Drp1 regulates postsynaptic endocytosis and dendrite formation independently of mitochondrial division

    Kie Itoh et al.
    Genetic and cell biological analyses reveal a new role of Drp1 in postsynaptic endocytosis during brain development beyond mitochondrial division GTPase.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Determination of host proteins composing the microenvironment of coronavirus replicase complexes by proximity-labeling

    Philip V'kovski et al.
    The molecular microenvironment of coronaviral replicase complexes provides functional and spatial links between conserved cellular processes and viral RNA synthesis, and highlights potential targets for the development of novel antivirals.
    1. Cell Biology

    Genome-wide interrogation of extracellular vesicle biology using barcoded miRNAs

    Albert Lu et al.
    A screen using artificially barcoded, exosomal microRNAs, paired with CRISPR guide RNAs, helped identify new players in multivesicular endosome exocytosis and a role for Wnt signaling.

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