193 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sequence specific detection of bacterial 23S ribosomal RNA by TLR13

    Xiao-Dong Li, Zhijian J Chen
    A pattern recognition receptor called toll-like receptor 13 detects pathogens in a manner that is different to that seen in other pathogen sensors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cdc48/p97 promotes degradation of aberrant nascent polypeptides bound to the ribosome

    Rati Verma et al.
    The enzyme that collaborates with ubiquitin ligases to promote the release of defective polypeptides from stalled ribosomes in a process named ribosome-associated degradations has been identified as the ATPase Cdc48.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kinesin-1 regulates dendrite microtubule polarity in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jing Yan et al.
    A cellular motor protein helps to ensure that microtubules are oriented correctly within neuronal dendrites
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Massive palmitoylation-dependent endocytosis during reoxygenation of anoxic cardiac muscle

    Mei-Jung Lin et al.
    Reoxygenation of anoxic cardiac tissue promotes massive endocytosis that is triggered by release of coenzymeA from mitochondria, followed by palmitoylation of membrane proteins, sarcolemma vesiculation, and transfer of sarolemma vesicles to large endosomes and vacuoles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Munc18-1 is a dynamically regulated PKC target during short-term enhancement of transmitter release

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Protein kinase C brings about post-tetanic potentiation - a temporary increase in synaptic strength due to increased transmitter release - via phosphorylation of a target protein, Munc18-1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The Caenorhabditis elegans microtubule minus-end binding homolog PTRN-1 stabilizes synapses and neurites

    Jana Dorfman Marcette et al.
    The minus-ends of microtubules have been implicated as part of a damage sensor to initiate remodeling of nerve cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial Rab GAPs govern autophagosome biogenesis during mitophagy

    Koji Yamano et al.
    Two GAP proteins bound to mitochondria regulate the enyzme Rab7, and thereby the expansion of the isolation membrane during mitophagy, downstream of PINK1 and Parkin, two proteins that are mutated in familial Parkinson's disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    The GTPase IFT27 is involved in both anterograde and retrograde intraflagellar transport

    Diego Huet et al.
    A small GTPase within the flagellum can participate in the control of transport from the base to the tip of the flagellum, and back again.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insect endosymbiont proliferation is limited by lipid availability

    Jeremy K Herren et al.
    The endosymbiont Spiroplasma can only proliferate if it can acquire sufficient hemolymph lipids from its insect host.
    1. Cell Biology

    The metal transporter ZIP13 supplies iron into the secretory pathway in Drosophila melanogaster

    Guiran Xiao et al.
    Drosophila ZIP13 (Slc39a13), a presumed zinc importer, is responsible for iron delivery to the secretory pathway.

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