452 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The stress-responsive kinases MAPKAPK2/MAPKAPK3 activate starvation-induced autophagy through Beclin 1 phosphorylation

    Yongjie Wei et al.
    Nutrient starvation activates autophagy by a novel signaling mechanism that is blocked by one of the major autophagy inhibitors.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    An effector of the Irish potato famine pathogen antagonizes a host autophagy cargo receptor

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    A plant pathogen effector evolved a short linear motif to subvert autophagic defenses by antagonising a host cargo receptor.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A TORC1-histone axis regulates chromatin organisation and non-canonical induction of autophagy to ameliorate ageing

    Yu-Xuan Lu et al.
    Modulation of histone levels in gut enterocytes by rapamycin treatment alters chromatin organisation and induces intestinal autophagy through transcriptional regulation to prevent age-related decline in the intestine and extend lifespan.
    1. Cell Biology

    Receptor-mediated mitophagy regulates EPO production and protects against renal anemia

    Guangfeng Geng et al.
    Fundc1-mediated mitophagy protects renal EPO-producing cells from myofibroblastic conversion under stresses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Endothelial PKA activity regulates angiogenesis by limiting autophagy through phosphorylation of ATG16L1

    Xiaocheng Zhao et al.
    The cAMP-dependent protein kinase A controls the switch from actively sprouting new blood vessel formation to vessel quiescence by reducing endothelial autophagy through phosphorylation-mediated destabilisation of ATG16L1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Multiplexed proteomics of autophagy-deficient murine macrophages reveals enhanced antimicrobial immunity via the oxidative stress response

    Timurs Maculins et al.
    Multiplexed mass spectrometry shows how the autophagy gene Atg16l1 regulates macrophage innate immunity against intracellular bacterial pathogens by modulating basal oxidative stress responses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Expression of WIPI2B counteracts age-related decline in autophagosome biogenesis in neurons

    Andrea KH Stavoe et al.
    The dynamic phosphorylation of autophagy component WIPI2B is critical to maintain autophagosome biogenesis in neurons, and ectopic expression of WIPI2B can restore rates of autophagosome biogenesis in aged neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Elucidation of the anti-autophagy mechanism of the Legionella effector RavZ using semisynthetic LC3 proteins

    Aimin Yang et al.
    Legionella effector RavZ evades host autophagy by extracting LC3-PE from the membrane before deconjugation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Cancer Biology

    Transglutaminase 2 contributes to a TP53-induced autophagy program to prevent oncogenic transformation

    Shi Yun Yeo et al.
    Loss-of-function screening identified transglutaminase 2 (TGM2) as a putative tumor suppressor in the TP53 pathway and revealed that TGM2-mediated autophagy and CDKN1A-mediated cell cycle arrest are two critical barriers that prevent oncogenic transformation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Stress-induced Cdk5 activity enhances cytoprotective basal autophagy in Drosophila melanogaster by phosphorylating acinus at serine437

    Nilay Nandi et al.
    Cdk5-mediated stabilization of Acinus in postmitotic neurons promotes autophagy and the removal of protein aggregates linked to neurodegeneration in Drosophila melanogaster.

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