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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mutual inhibition among postmitotic neurons regulates robustness of brain wiring in Drosophila

    Marion Langen et al.
    The Notch signaling pathway has a central role in the development of the nervous system, and also in the establishment of networks of connections in the adult brain
    1. Neuroscience

    Kinesin-1 regulates dendrite microtubule polarity in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jing Yan et al.
    A cellular motor protein helps to ensure that microtubules are oriented correctly within neuronal dendrites
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    LIN-12/Notch signaling instructs postsynaptic muscle arm development by regulating UNC-40/DCC and MADD-2 in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Pengpeng Li et al.
    The Notch signaling pathway has a central role in the formation of the circuit that controls egg-laying in the nematode worm C. elegans.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sox10-dependent neural crest origin of olfactory microvillous neurons in zebrafish

    Ankur Saxena et al.
    Sensory neurons in the olfactory system develop from two different regions of the ectoderm, the olfactory placode and the cranial neural crest, whereas sensory neurons within the eye and ear develop from just one region.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Improved use of a public good selects for the evolution of undifferentiated multicellularity

    John H Koschwanez et al.
    The ability to share resources for the benefit of all members of a group may have driven ancient organisms to evolve from a unicellular to a multicellular state.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mechanism for priming DNA synthesis by yeast DNA Polymerase α

    Rajika L Perera et al.
    The details of how the enzyme DNA polymerase α initiates the polymerization of nucleotides in DNA replication, a critical step in the synthesis of new chromosomal DNA, have been revealed in atomic detail.
    1. Cell Biology

    The ART-Rsp5 ubiquitin ligase network comprises a plasma membrane quality control system that protects yeast cells from proteotoxic stress

    Yingying Zhao et al.
    Ubiquitin ligase adaptors target the selective clearance of misfolded plasma membrane proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Scaffold nucleoporins Nup188 and Nup192 share structural and functional properties with nuclear transport receptors

    Kasper R Andersen et al.
    Components of the nuclear pore complex share structural and functional features with soluble nuclear transport receptors, which suggests that there may be an evolutionary relationship between these two types of protein.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Condensin controls recruitment of RNA polymerase II to achieve nematode X-chromosome dosage compensation

    William S Kruesi et al.
    C. elegans equalizes the expression of X-chromosome genes between the sexes by reducing the recruitment of RNA polymerase II to promoters of X-linked genes in hermaphrodites, using a chromosome-restructuring complex called condensin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary principles of modular gene regulation in yeasts

    Dawn A Thompson et al.
    The divergence of gene regulation during evolution in yeast traces phylogenetic distance with prominent changes being associated with changes in lifestyle and a whole genome duplication event.