2,113 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Circular RNA repertoires are associated with evolutionarily young transposable elements

    Franziska Gruhl et al.
    Evolutionary analyses suggest that most mammalian circRNAs did not emerge from common ancestral circRNA precursors, arguing against widespread functional conservation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Gut bacterial aggregates as living gels

    Brandon H Schlomann, Raghuveer Parthasarathy
    A theory of gut bacterial aggregation produces a cluster size distribution that matches that of several strains observed in zebrafish, suggesting principles generally applicable to the vertebrate gut.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Evolution of irreversible somatic differentiation

    Yuanxiao Gao et al.
    Irreversible differentiation into somatic cells is evolutionarily optimal if changing cell phenotype is costly, a few somatic cells already improve the organism's performance, and the organism is large enough.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Utility of polygenic embryo screening for disease depends on the selection strategy

    Todd Lencz et al.
    Preimplantation screening of embryos using polygenic risk scores may substantially reduce risk for a given complex disease, but this effect depends on several quantifiable factors and raises significant ethical issues.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Optimal plasticity for memory maintenance during ongoing synaptic change

    Dhruva V Raman, Timothy O'Leary
    Simple mathematical reasoning shows that the large amount of synaptic turnover seen in many parts of the brain is in fact optimal for memory retention.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mutational analysis to explore long-range allosteric couplings involved in a pentameric channel receptor pre-activation and activation

    Solène N Lefebvre et al.
    A pentameric channel-receptor was studied by combining allosteric mutations, electrophysiology, fluorescent reporters and normal mode analysis, to dissect the long-range allosteric couplings specifically involved in its pre-activation and activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A projectome of the bumblebee central complex

    Marcel Ethan Sayre et al.
    Serial-section electron microscopy uncovers the intricate neural network of the bumblebee central complex, revealing highly conserved projection patterns as well as novel circuit elements potentially unique to bees.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct population code for movement kinematics and changes of ongoing movements in human subthalamic nucleus

    Dennis London et al.
    Subthalamic nucleus spiking activity, beta oscillation power, and locking of spikes to the beta oscillation are decreased prior to changes in ongoing movements.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An improved fluorescent noncanonical amino acid for measuring conformational distributions using time-resolved transition metal ion FRET

    William N Zagotta et al.
    Time-resolved transition metal ion fluorescence resonance energy transfer using a fluorescent, noncanonical amino acid donor and metal ion acceptor measures distances and distance distributions in proteins, allowing the equilibrium distributions among conformational states to be accurately determined.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Common host variation drives malaria parasite fitness in healthy human red cells

    Emily R Ebel et al.
    Human red blood cells from healthy donors display marked biophysical and genetic variation that impacts the growth of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites, outside of known disease alleles.

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