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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
  1. Point of View: How should novelty be valued in science?

    Barak A Cohen
    An over-emphasis on novelty is having detrimental effects on science.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Philosophy of Biology: The meanings of 'function' in biology and the problematic case of de novo gene emergence

    Diane Marie Keeling et al.
    A lexicon to help scientists and philosophers discuss the meaning of function in molecular biology more clearly is proposed.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Philosophy of Biology: Towards a classification of stem cells

    Lucie Laplane, Eric Solary
    The occurrence, progression and treatment of cancer may be linked to changes in the nature of stemness.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dual histone methyl reader ZCWPW1 facilitates repair of meiotic double strand breaks in male mice

    Mohamed Mahgoub et al.
    The meiotic recombination landscape in vertebrates was re-engineered via the co-evolution of a dual histone H3K4/H3K36 methylation 'writer' PRDM9 and its 'reader' ZCWPW1 that facilitates efficient double strand break repair.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Super-resolution microscopy reveals coupling between mammalian centriole subdistal appendages and distal appendages

    Weng Man Chong et al.
    Super-resolved architectural framework of subdistal appendages surprisingly reveals coupling between distal appendages and subdistal appendages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The dynamic interplay of host and viral enzymes in type III CRISPR-mediated cyclic nucleotide signalling

    Januka S Athukoralage et al.
    The dynamic interplay between type III CRISPR enzymes governs cyclic nucleotide levels and infection outcomes in virus-host conflict.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A mammalian Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis controls the cytoskeleton and confers cellular properties required for alveologenesis

    Kuan Zhang et al.
    Regulation of cellular properties such as ligand secretion and migratory ability through changes in the cytoskeleton mediated by a Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis is a major determinant of alveolar formation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dominant Vibrio cholerae phage exhibits lysis inhibition sensitive to disruption by a defensive phage satellite

    Stephanie G Hays, Kimberley D Seed
    Genetic and molecular analyses identify and characterize an evolutionary battle over lysis timing wherein a bacteriophage delays lysis through lysis inhibition while a defensive phage satellite accelerates lysis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.