3,713 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Early maternal loss leads to short- but not long-term effects on diurnal cortisol slopes in wild chimpanzees

    Cédric Girard-Buttoz et al.
    Wild chimpanzees contrast to humans since adult male chimpanzees do not exhibit physiological indicators of biological embedding of the stress associated to maternal loss early in life.
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinesin-6 Klp9 orchestrates spindle elongation by regulating microtubule sliding and growth

    Lara Katharina Krüger et al.
    During anaphase B spindle elongation, Klp9 controls the speed of both microtubule sliding and microtubule growth to coordinate the processes and thus maintain spindle stability for faithful chromosome separation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    R7 photoreceptor axon targeting depends on the relative levels of lost and found expression in R7 and its synaptic partners

    Jessica Douthit et al.
    R7 photoreceptors require the endosomal protein Lost and Found to form stable connections only when this protein is also present in neurons that are synaptic partners of R7.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Genetic variation, environment and demography intersect to shape Arabidopsis defense metabolite variation across Europe

    Ella Katz et al.
    Measurements of specialized metabolites across a population of 800 natural Arabidopsis thaliana accessions revealed different pressures and evolutionary processes that shaped their variation and distribution across Europe.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Myoglobin primary structure reveals multiple convergent transitions to semi-aquatic life in the world's smallest mammalian divers

    Kai He et al.
    Ancestral sequence reconstruction of an essential muscle protein involved in O2 storage and transport accurately tracks secondary aquatic transitions in a speciose clade of insectivorous mammals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Spatiotemporal control of cell cycle acceleration during axolotl spinal cord regeneration

    Emanuel Cura Costa et al.
    Computational modeling and a cell cycle-reporting axolotl reveal how spinal cord regeneration can be achieved by a signal that propagates 828 μm from the injury site during the first 85 hours post-amputation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Biosynthesis of a sulfated exopolysaccharide, synechan, and bloom formation in the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803

    Kaisei Maeda et al.
    A potentially useful cyanobacterial sulfated exopolysaccharide and its biosynthesis and regulation genes, which contribute to the laboratorial bloom formation, are elucidated for the first time among prokaryotes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Repression by the Arabidopsis TOPLESS corepressor requires association with the core mediator complex

    Alexander R Leydon et al.
    The TPL corepressor binds to the core mediator complex through MED21 to inhibit transcription while simultaneously priming repressed genes for rapid reactivation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Tumor stiffening reversion through collagen crosslinking inhibition improves T cell migration and anti-PD-1 treatment

    Alba Nicolas-Boluda et al.
    Tumor stiffness blocks T cell migration in tumors.

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