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Page 2 of 390
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    C. elegans illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: C. elegans outside the Petri dish

    Lise Frézal, Marie-Anne Félix
    To leverage the tools, resources and knowledge that exist for C. elegans so that we can study ecology, evolution and other aspects of biology, we need to understand the natural history of this important model organism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Ecology
    E. coli illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unexhausted potential of E. coli

    Zachary D Blount
    A better understanding of the remarkable diversity, natural history and complex ecology of E. coli in the wild could shed new light on its biology and role in disease, and further expand its many uses as a model organism.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Trade-off shapes diversity in eco-evolutionary dynamics

    Farnoush Farahpour et al.
    In a minimalistic, generic model of competitive communities in which evolution is constrained by life-history trade-offs, stable biodiversity emerges with species adapted to different functional niches.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    Killifish illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Nothobranchius furzeri, an 'instant' fish from an ephemeral habitat

    Martin Reichard, Matej Polačik
    The turquoise killifish from ephemeral pools in African savannah combines extremely short lifespan with a standard vertebrate body plan – ideal attributes for a laboratory animal.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Sensing the world and its dangers: An evolutionary perspective in neuroimmunology

    Aurora Kraus et al.
    The investigation of neuroimmunology in non-model organisms is critical to diversify the field and identify primordial principles that govern neuroimmune communication across taxa.
    1. Plant Biology

    Accurate timekeeping is controlled by a cycling activator in Arabidopsis

    Polly Yingshan Hsu et al.
    The circadian clock in the model plant organism Arabidopsis thaliana is best described as a highly connected network made up of clock-regulated activators and repressors of transcription, rather than two coupled, repressor-based feedback loops.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of the crustacean Parhyale hawaiensis, a model for animal development, regeneration, immunity and lignocellulose digestion

    Damian Kao et al.
    The first malacostracan genome sequence will establish the genetically tractable Parhyale hawaiensis as a model organism in this key animal group.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell RNA-seq analysis reveals penaeid shrimp hemocyte subpopulations and cell differentiation process

    Keiichiro Koiwai et al.
    Single-cell mRNA sequencing on hemocytes of penaeid shrimp revealed six types of hemocytes, type markers, differentiation pathways, and different immune roles among these subpopulations based on their transcriptional profiles.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Application of optogenetic Amyloid-β distinguishes between metabolic and physical damages in neurodegeneration

    Chu Hsien Lim et al.
    An optogenetic approach has been developed to model Alzheimer's disease allowing light-induced Amyloid-β aggregation and tested in three model organisms, Drosophila, C. elegans and D. rerio.