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Page 3 of 381
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics
    Medaka illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The untapped potential of medaka and its wild relatives

    Leon Hilgers, Julia Schwarzer
    Studies of medaka and other ricefishes in the wild could provide insights in fields such as evolutionary biology, development and cancer research.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology
    Chlamydomonas illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: From molecular manipulation of domesticated Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to survival in nature

    Severin Sasso et al.
    Dubbed the 'green yeast', the model alga C. reinhardtii has profoundly advanced many areas of biology, but much remains to be learnt about its life in the wild.
    1. Ecology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Community-level cohesion without cooperation

    Mikhail Tikhonov
    A model of purely competitive ecological dynamics is shown to be equivalent to adaptive evolution of a single individual, suggesting a new way to formalize the "superorganism" metaphor.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IL17 factors are early regulators in the gut epithelium during inflammatory response to Vibrio in the sea urchin larva

    Katherine M Buckley et al.
    Expression of two highly regulated subfamilies of the complex multigene family encoding IL-17 cytokines in the purple sea urchin are sequentially activated in a larval gut-associated inflammation model and modulate downstream gene expression in the gut epithelium.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Metabolic co-dependence drives the evolutionarily ancient Hydra–Chlorella symbiosis

    Mayuko Hamada et al.
    The symbiotic relationship between Hydra and Chlorella is driven by metabolic co-dependence and characterized by changes in the photobiont genome in terms of lack of genes essential in free-living algae.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A community-maintained standard library of population genetic models

    Jeffrey R Adrion et al.
    The stdpopsim library, a community-driven open source project, is presented which provides easy access to a standard catalog of published simulation models for population genetics aimed at field-wide standardization.
    1. Neuroscience

    MAPLE (modular automated platform for large-scale experiments), a robot for integrated organism-handling and phenotyping

    Tom Alisch et al.
    A new versatile, autonomous, robotic experimental platform (MAPLE) can increase the throughput of biological experiments by automating the growth and phenotyping of a variety of model organisms.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Epithelial magnesium transport by TRPM6 is essential for prenatal development and adult survival

    Vladimir Chubanov et al.
    Mice deficient in the TRPM6 channel suffer from impaired prenatal development, shortened lifespan, growth deficit and disturbed energy balance due to a defect in epithelial Mg2+ uptake, thus highlighting a pivotal role of TRPM6 in organismal Mg2+ homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Self-organized patterning of cell morphology via mechanosensitive feedback

    Natalie A Dye et al.
    Radial patterns of cell morphology in the Drosophila larval wing emerge through mechanosensitive dynamics of cell polarity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Increased longevity due to sexual activity in mole-rats is associated with transcriptional changes in the HPA stress axis

    Arne Sahm et al.
    The fact that sexual activity/reproduction doubles the lifespan of certain rodent species is most likely linked to critical changes in the regulation of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal stress axis.