9,242 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    How biological attention mechanisms improve task performance in a large-scale visual system model

    Grace W Lindsay, Kenneth D Miller
    Implementing neural changes associated with attention in a deep neural network causes performance changes that mimic those observed in humans and macaques.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A quantitative model of conserved macroscopic dynamics predicts future motor commands

    Connor Brennan, Alexander Proekt
    Calcium imaging is used to construct a model of Caenorhabditis elegans nervous system dynamics capable of predicting future behavioral switches on a trial by trial basis and across individual animals.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A microbial clock provides an accurate estimate of the postmortem interval in a mouse model system

    Jessica L Metcalf et al.
    High-throughput sequencing has been used to analyze the microbiome of mouse corpses over a period of 48 days, and to provide an accurate estimate of the time since death.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-term adult human brain slice cultures as a model system to study human CNS circuitry and disease

    Niklas Schwarz et al.
    Viral transduction and gene manipulation of adult human brain slices will be of great value allowing investigations including therapeutic screening, electrophysiological and structural studies of properties of human CNS circuitry.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Detailed analysis of chick optic fissure closure reveals Netrin-1 as an essential mediator of epithelial fusion

    Holly Hardy et al.
    Chick optic fissure closure is a powerful new model system for epithelial fusion and has revealed Netrin-1 as a conserved and essential mediator of tissue fusion in multiple contexts.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Heterogeneity and stochastic growth regulation of biliary epithelial cells dictate dynamic epithelial tissue remodeling

    Kenji Kamimoto et al.
    Clonal tracing in vivo and quantitative modeling in silico reveal a unique mode of tissue growth and structural remodeling of the biliary system, providing an insight into the cellular basis for robust liver regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vocal development in a Waddington landscape

    Yayoi Teramoto et al.
    An integrated landscape framework shows how the coordinated changes in vocal apparatus, muscles, nervous system, and social interaction together influence the trajectory of vocal development.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    High-throughput mathematical analysis identifies Turing networks for patterning with equally diffusing signals

    Luciano Marcon et al.
    Realistic reaction-diffusion signaling networks that include cell-autonomous factors can robustly form self-organizing spatial patterns for any combination of diffusion coefficients without requiring differential diffusivity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A stochastic multicellular model identifies biological watermarks from disorders in self-organized patterns of phyllotaxis

    Yassin Refahi et al.
    A stochastic model of phyllotaxis can explain the striking irregularities observed in the spiral patterns of plants and predicts that perturbation patterns provide key information about the underlying biochemical mechanisms.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Current CRISPR gene drive systems are likely to be highly invasive in wild populations

    Charleston Noble et al.
    If released in the wild, current CRISPR-based gene drive systems designed to alter populations could spread much farther than intended, despite the evolution of drive resistance.

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