9,938 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Model-based fMRI reveals dissimilarity processes underlying base rate neglect

    Sean R O'Bryan et al.
    Model-based imaging shows that the rostrolateral prefrontal cortex supports dissimilarity-based heuristics that people may use when they are confronted with ambiguous scenarios.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Combining agent-based, trait-based and demographic approaches to model coral-community dynamics

    Bruno Sylvain Carturan et al.
    A new agent-based model enables predicting how coral species richness and functional diversity affect the functioning and resilience of coral reef ecosystems.
    1. Neuroscience

    Balancing model-based and memory-free action selection under competitive pressure

    Atsushi Kikumoto, Ulrich Mayr
    People compete by trying to outsmart their opponents as long as they win, but show random behavior, and neural signs of suppressing knowledge about opponents’ strategies, when they lose.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inferring synaptic inputs from spikes with a conductance-based neural encoding model

    Kenneth W Latimer et al.
    The conductance-based encoding model creates a new bridge between statistical models and biophysical models of neurons, and infers visually-evoked excitatory and inhibitory synaptic conductances from spike trains in macaque retina.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Robust model-based analysis of single-particle tracking experiments with Spot-On

    Anders S Hansen et al.
    Spot-On is an easy-to-use website that makes a rigorous and bias-corrected modeling framework for analysis of single-molecule tracking experiments available to all.
    1. Neuroscience

    Orbitofrontal neurons signal sensory associations underlying model-based inference in a sensory preconditioning task

    Brian F Sadacca et al.
    Neural activity in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) represents incidental stimulus-stimulus associations, providing additional evidence for OFC having a role in cognition beyond functions centered on processing value or biological significance.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A minimally sufficient model for rib proximal-distal patterning based on genetic analysis and agent-based simulations

    Jennifer L Fogel et al.
    Specification and expansion during rib development is explained by Agent-Based Modeling while respecting the locality of decision-making that occurs as millions of cells coordinate their behavior to form and refine spatial pattern.
    1. Neuroscience

    Responding to preconditioned cues is devaluation sensitive and requires orbitofrontal cortex during cue-cue learning

    Evan E Hart et al.
    The orbitofrontal cortex is necessary for learning about value-neutral sensory associations to impact subsequent model-based behavior.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolution of C4 photosynthesis predicted by constraint-based modelling

    Mary-Ann Blätke, Andrea Bräutigam
    Constraint-based modelling predicts C4 photosynthesis evolves under resource limitation from an ancestral ground state of C3 photosynthesis and attributes divergent metabolic routes in extant C4 subtypes to light.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Model-based spatial-temporal mapping of opisthorchiasis in endemic countries of Southeast Asia

    Ting-Ting Zhao et al.
    High-resolution risk estimates of opisthorchiasis were produced in major endemic countries of Southeast Asia, providing valuable information for guiding disease control and serving as a baseline for future progress assessment.

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