2,590 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dynamic regulation of transcription factors by nucleosome remodeling

    Ming Li et al.
    Single molecule DNA unzipping reveals a novel model for the regulation of transcription factors and nucleosome positioning via nucleosome remodeling in yeast.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Phenotype-based cell-specific metabolic modeling reveals metabolic liabilities of cancer

    Keren Yizhak et al.
    Genome-scale metabolic modeling of individual cancer cells and healthy human cells identifies specific and selective metabolic vulnerabilities.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ATP-dependent chromatin assembly is functionally distinct from chromatin remodeling

    Sharon E Torigoe et al.
    The Chd1 motor protein performs two functionally distinct ATP-dependent activities, nucleosome assembly and chromatin remodeling, to generate periodic arrays of nucleosomes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modelling primaquine-induced haemolysis in G6PD deficiency

    James Watson et al.
    In silico modelling of all available data shows that a twenty-day ascending-dose primaquine regimen could be safe to administer to G6PD deficient patients for the radical cure of vivax malaria.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Mathematical modeling of the West Africa Ebola epidemic

    Jean-Paul Chretien et al.
    A review of mathematical models applied to the West Africa Ebola epidemic suggests ways to improve the use of mathematical modeling in responding to public health emergencies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nucleosome breathing and remodeling constrain CRISPR-Cas9 function

    R Stefan Isaac et al.
    The inhibitory influence of nucleosomes on CRISPR-Cas9 is mitigated by nucleosomal DNA breathing and chromatin remodeling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Structural reorganization of the chromatin remodeling enzyme Chd1 upon engagement with nucleosomes

    Ramasubramanian Sundaramoorthy et al.
    Structural models of the chromatin remodeling enzyme Chd1 in solution and when bound to chromatin indicate that conformational changes to both the enzyme and the nucleosome occur upon nucleotide dependent engagement.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Vascular remodeling is governed by a VEGFR3-dependent fluid shear stress set point

    Nicolas Baeyens et al.
    Flow-dependent remodeling of blood vessels is critical for normal physiology and for recovery from arterial blockage in disease; understanding its cellular mechanisms may lead to the development of treatments for patients that are deficient in this process following myocardial infarction or other vascular diseases.

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