4,753 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Wild worm embryogenesis harbors ubiquitous polygenic modifier variation

    Annalise B Paaby et al.
    Cryptic alleles affecting embryonic development are widespread in wild C. elegans populations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila uses a tripod gait across all walking speeds, and the geometry of the tripod is important for speed control

    Chanwoo Chun et al.
    Drosophila uses a gait close to the tripod throughout its speed range, and changes in speed are accompanied by changes in the geometry of the tripod.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stress responsive miR-31 is a major modulator of mouse intestinal stem cells during regeneration and tumorigenesis

    Yuhua Tian et al.
    miR-31 drives proliferation of intestinal stem cells, and protects intestinal stem cells against apoptosis both during homeostasis and regeneration in response to ionizing radiation injury, and promotes intestinal tumorigenesis through regulation of multiple signaling pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural variation reveals that intracellular distribution of ELF3 protein is associated with function in the circadian clock

    Muhammad Usman Anwer et al.
    In Arabidopsis, a natural variant of the ELF3 protein, which originated in Central Asia, is less likely to accumulate in the nucleus, and causes the circadian clock to run faster and be less responsive to environmental cues.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Environment determines evolutionary trajectory in a constrained phenotypic space

    David T Fraebel et al.
    Experimental evolution shows that when selection acts on two traits constrained by a trade-off, the direction of phenotypic evolution depends on the environment.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Investigating pleiotropic effects of statins on ischemic heart disease in the UK Biobank using Mendelian randomisation

    CM Schooling et al.
    Identifying why statins differ from other major lipid modifiers has revealed a new modifiable target of intervention for cardiovascular disease relevant to both drug development and optimal statin use.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Research: Titles and abstracts of scientific reports ignore variation among species

    Barbara R Migeon
    Ignoring the probability of species variation when reporting observations about biological processes leads to misinterpretation of the experimental data.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Optogenetics enables real-time spatiotemporal control over spiral wave dynamics in an excitable cardiac system

    Rupamanjari Majumder et al.
    Free optical steering of spiral waves by attraction-based dragging of their cores in optogenetically modified cardiac tissue.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Regulatory polymorphisms modulate the expression of HLA class II molecules and promote autoimmunity

    Prithvi Raj et al.
    Genetic variations that underlie common autoimmune disease genes are predominantly regulatory and modify the expression of multiple genes within the HLA gene complex and throughout the immune system.

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