334 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A composition-dependent molecular clutch between T cell signaling condensates and actin

    Jonathon A Ditlev et al.
    Compositional changes alter actin binding by phase separated T cell signaling clusters, enabling cluster movement by distinct actin networks.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    HspB8 prevents aberrant phase transitions of FUS by chaperoning its folded RNA-binding domain

    Edgar E Boczek et al.
    Quantitative time-resolved crosslinking mass spectrometry is developed to monitor protein interactions and dynamics inside molecular condensates and used to identify misfolding of the RNA-binding domain of FUS as a key driver of condensate-aging.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hair follicle dermal condensation forms via Fgf20 primed cell cycle exit, cell motility, and aggregation

    Leah C Biggs et al.
    The hair follicle dermal condensate is populated via migration, and the cells exhibit early changes in cell shape and cell cycle status; Fgf20 primes these cellular and molecular events.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Decoding the physical principles of two-component biomolecular phase separation

    Yaojun Zhang et al.
    Phase separation of two-component multivalent systems is suppressed at rational polymer stoichiometries, suggesting possible cellular strategies for regulating the formation and function of biomolecular condensates.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Charge-driven condensation of RNA and proteins suggests broad role of phase separation in cytoplasmic environments

    Bercem Dutagaci et al.
    Charge complementarity between RNA and proteins may be a universal principle for phase separation in biology without requiring disorder or specific multivalent interactions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    HP1 proteins compact DNA into mechanically and positionally stable phase separated domains

    Madeline M Keenen et al.
    Heterochromatin proteins compartmentalize DNA into compact structures resistant to mechanical disruption but susceptible to competitive dissolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The solubility product extends the buffering concept to heterotypic biomolecular condensates

    Aniruddha Chattaraj et al.
    The solubility product, a thermodynamic concept classically applied to poorly soluble ionic solutes, can rationalize the concentration dependence for liquid-liquid phase separation of multicomponent multivalent molecules.
    1. Cell Biology

    Tyramine induces dynamic RNP granule remodeling and translation activation in the Drosophila brain

    Nadia Formicola et al.
    Tyramine-dependent signaling triggers decondensation of neuronal RNP components and rapid translation activation of target mRNAs.
    1. Cell Biology

    In vivo reconstitution finds multivalent RNA–RNA interactions as drivers of mesh-like condensates

    Weirui Ma et al.
    Binding of a multivalent RNA-binding protein to mRNAs that are able to form pervasive RNA–RNA interactions induces formation of mesh-like condensates, whereas binding of mostly structured mRNAs induces sphere-like condensates.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Limited dishevelled/Axin oligomerization determines efficiency of Wnt/β-catenin signal transduction

    Wei Kan et al.
    In vitro and in cellulo characterization of oligomerization by the cytoplasmic Wnt effector dishevelled and its partner Axin provide new mechanistic principles for Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

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