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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An atomic-resolution view of neofunctionalization in the evolution of apicomplexan lactate dehydrogenases

    Jeffrey I Boucher et al.
    The convergent evolution of unusually strict substrate specificity in apicomplexan LDHs arose by classic neofunctionalization of a duplicated MDH gene via few mutations of large effect.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A widespread family of serine/threonine protein phosphatases shares a common regulatory switch with proteasomal proteases

    Niels Bradshaw et al.
    Structures of active and inactive conformations of a PP2C family phosphatase reveal a conserved switch that controls enzymatic activity and point to an unexpected relationship between phosphatases and proteasomal proteases.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Multi-species, multi-transcription factor binding highlights conserved control of tissue-specific biological pathways

    Benoit Ballester et al.
    Combinatorial transcription factor binding shared by multiple species enriches for essential biological pathways and coincides with disease-causing regulatory DNA mutations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Cryptic genetic variation shapes the adaptive evolutionary potential of enzymes

    Florian Baier et al.
    Genetic change among enzyme orthologous with similar phenotypic properties can cause substantial differences in evolutionary response to a new enzyme function in terms of their molecular and fitness outcomes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Super-resolution imaging of synaptic and Extra-synaptic AMPA receptors with different-sized fluorescent probes

    Sang Hak Lee et al.
    Small probes show that most AMPA receptors are constrained near or in the synapses.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Robust model-based analysis of single-particle tracking experiments with Spot-On

    Anders S Hansen et al.
    Spot-On is an easy-to-use website that makes a rigorous and bias-corrected modeling framework for analysis of single-molecule tracking experiments available to all.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Genetic epidemiology of dengue viruses in phase III trials of the CYD tetravalent dengue vaccine and implications for efficacy

    Maia A Rabaa et al.
    In large vaccine trials conducted in dengue-endemic Asia and Latin America, the CYD-TDV tetravalent dengue vaccine shows limited variation in intra-serotype efficacy in the target population for vaccination (>9 years).
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Species and cell-type properties of classically defined human and rodent neurons and glia

    Xiao Xu et al.
    Gene expression and epigenetic profiling of defined cell types in the central nervous system of mouse, rat, and human reveals inter-species and inter-individual differences.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is required for efficient cone-mediated vision

    Frans Vinberg et al.
    Molecular, genetic, and functional analysis is used to show that the olfactory Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is expressed in cone photoreceptors and is critical for the wide operating range and high temporal resolution of cone-mediated vision.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The C-terminal region of the motor protein MCAK controls its structure and activity through a conformational switch

    Sandeep K Talapatra et al.
    Structural analysis of the kinesin-13 MCAK bound to its C-terminal tail reveals the molecular basis for the conformation of kinesin-13 in solution and the mechanism that triggers long-range conformational changes upon microtubule binding.