77 results found
  1. A paralyzed bee buried with a wasp egg

    Episode 59: June 2019

    In this episode, we hear about the emerging field of palaeoshellomics, wasp eggs that keep their food fresh, a monkey with a missing visual cortex, new biological methods inspired by astronomy and how to mix a family with a research career.
  2. Episode 3: August 2013

    Episode 3: August 2013

    In this episode we hear about the cocktail party effect, the role of psuedogene RNA in the immune response, the genetic origins of a common form of blindness, the flu vaccine, and the origins of schistosomiasis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The regulation of oocyte maturation and ovulation in the closest sister group of vertebrates

    Shin Matsubara et al.
    Oocyte maturation and ovulation in the sister group of vertebrates, Ciona intestinalis Type A, are triggered by Ci-VP, the Ciona homolog of a typical neruopeptide, vasopressin.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dynamics of venom composition across a complex life cycle

    Yaara Y Columbus-Shenkar et al.
    Different developmental stages of a venomous animal (e.g. Nematostella vectensis) with a complex life cycle produce vastly different venoms that can serve in different antagonistic interactions with other species.
    1. Neuroscience

    New learning while consolidating memory during sleep is actively blocked by a protein synthesis dependent process

    Roi Levy et al.
    The brain inhibits the formation of new memories just after waking to safeguard the ongoing stabilization of existing memories during sleep.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Landscape of histone modifications in a sponge reveals the origin of animal cis-regulatory complexity

    Federico Gaiti et al.
    The complex chromatin-based genomic regulatory system controlling developmental gene expression in complex bilaterians predates the evolution of morphological complexity and may have been a prerequisite for the evolution of the first simple multicellular animals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Abundant toxin-related genes in the genomes of beneficial symbionts from deep-sea hydrothermal vent mussels

    Lizbeth Sayavedra et al.
    Beneficial symbiotic bacteria encode an exceptional number of toxin-related genes that are all expressed by the symbionts in the host, supporting their key role in host-microbe interactions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell heterogeneity drives the parasitic life cycle of Schistosoma mansoni

    Bo Wang et al.
    Distinct stem cell populations drive larval, somatic, and germline development of the human parasitic flatworm, Schistosoma mansoni.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional genomic characterization of neoblast-like stem cells in larval Schistosoma mansoni

    Bo Wang et al.
    Cells that give rise to the infectious form of parasitic flatworms called schistosomes show similar patterns of gene expression to stem cells in free-living flatworms.

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