531 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A connectional hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex links areas of emotion and cognitive control

    Wei Tang et al.
    A hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex receives unusually high and functionally diverse inputs, providing a biological interface between motivation, incentive based learning, and decision making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prefrontal Cortex: A tale of two pathways

    Jonathan A Oler, Julie L Fudge
    A combination of invasive and non-invasive techniques has allowed researchers to take a closer look at the two major neural pathways that connect the amygdala and the prefrontal cortex.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Descending neurons: Disentangling the strings that organize behavior

    Matthieu Louis, Julie H Simpson
    The neurons that connect the brain and ventral nerve cord in fruit flies have been mapped in unprecedented detail.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
  1. Point of View: Five suggestions for substantial NIH reforms

    Michael Rosbash
    The National Institutes of Health needs to make radical changes to ensure that biomedical research continues to thrive in the United States.
  2. Point of View: A recipe for mediocrity and disaster, in five axioms

    Henry R Bourne
    Biomedical research in the US will become unsustainable unless scientists and research institutions start to question certain assumptions they have long taken for granted.
    1. Neuroscience

    NPTX2 and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s Disease

    Mei-Fang Xiao et al.
    Dysfunction of pyramidal neuron-PV interneuron circuits contributes to cognitive failure in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional gradients of the cerebellum

    Xavier Guell et al.
    Cerebellar functional regions follow a gradual organization, which progresses from primary (motor) to transmodal (Default Mode Network) regions, and a secondary axis extends from task-unfocused to task-focused processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.

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