A parallel neuronal network architecture ensures control of basic feeding reflex circuits via integration of crossmodal sensory information to filter multiple biological events and enhance meaningful behavioral choice.
The optogenetic manipulation of hippocampal neuronal circuit activity revealed plastic changes of pyramidal-interneuron connections in behaving animals, which were primarily governed by the firing rate change of postsynaptic interneurons.
Dopamine neurons projecting to different targets receive a similar set of inputs, rather than forming reciprocal connections, whereas those projecting to the posterior striatum receive a distinct set of inputs.
Computational model reveals how the fast exchange of neurotransmitter receptors between synapses induces a competition leading to a transient form of heterosynaptic plasticity and shaping the induction of homosynaptic plasticity.
Single-cell transcriptional profiling reveals distinct neuronal subtypes of the lateral habenula differentially target downstream neuronal subtypes in the ventral tegmental area and dorsal raphe nucleus.
Neurons of the cholinergic system, which release the excitatory neurotransmitter acetycholine throughout the cortex, also release the inhibitory transmitter GABA, with potential implications for cognitive function.