158 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Large, three-generation human families reveal post-zygotic mosaicism and variability in germline mutation accumulation

    Thomas A Sasani et al.
    Rates of germline mutation accumulation are highly variable across families of similar genetic ancestry, and post-zygotic mosaicism is a substantial source of de novo mutations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Genomic mosaicism with increased amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene copy number in single neurons from sporadic Alzheimer's disease brains

    Diane M Bushman et al.
    Somatically derived genomic mosaicism in the form of increased DNA content and APP copy number in single neurons plausibly has a function in sporadic Alzheimer’s disease and points to functions for single-neuron gene copy number changes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Moderate nucleotide diversity in the Atlantic herring is associated with a low mutation rate

    Chungang Feng et al.
    The Atlantic herring has the lowest mutation rate yet estimated in a vertebrate species and this partially explains its moderate nucleotide diversity given the large population size.
    1. Neuroscience

    Resolving rates of mutation in the brain using single-neuron genomics

    Gilad D Evrony et al.
    The reanalysis of data from a recent study that claimed retrotransposon mutations are ubiquitous in the human brain outlines a general framework for the design and analysis of single-cell genomics studies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reconstruction of natural images from responses of primate retinal ganglion cells

    Nora Brackbill et al.
    The visual message conveyed by retinal neurons to the brain when signaling natural scenes resembles the individual receptive fields only when viewed in context of the neuronal population.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Drivers and sites of diversity in the DNA adenine methylomes of 93 Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex clinical isolates

    Samuel J Modlin et al.
    Fully assembled DNA methylomes from phylogeographically diverse clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates reveals 'intercellular mosaic methylation' as a source of epigenetic diversity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Patched1 and Patched2 inhibit Smoothened non-cell autonomously

    Brock Roberts et al.
    Ptch1/2 can lower the sensitivity of Smo to activation by Shh via the secretion of a sterol precursor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Enabling X-ray free electron laser crystallography for challenging biological systems from a limited number of crystals

    Monarin Uervirojnangkoorn et al.
    Post-refinement methods enable the use of X-ray free electron lasers for biological crystallography of systems in which sample quantity is a limitation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexin and Neuroligin-based adhesion complexes drive axonal arborisation growth independent of synaptic activity

    William D Constance et al.
    Axonal arborisation growth is regulated by dynamic, focal localisations of Neurexin and Neuroligin that provide stability for filopodia, enabling a 'stick and grow'-based mechanism, wholly independent of synapse formation.

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