224 results found
  1. August 2015

    Episode 22: August 2015

    In this episode we hear about cancer, dengue fever, sperm DNA and neurons that are sensitive to magnetic fields.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    Tropical disease

    Tropical Disease: A Collection of Articles

    Edited by Prabhat Jha et al.
    eLife has published papers on many tropical diseases, including malaria, Ebola, leishmaniases, Dengue and African sleeping sickness.
  2. Episode 39: Spotlight on tropical diseases

    In this special episode we discuss diseases that are common in tropical countries including tuberculosis, Zika, malaria and schistosomiasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium falciparum parasites deploy RhopH2 into the host erythrocyte to obtain nutrients, grow and replicate

    Natalie A Counihan et al.
    Plasmodium parasites secrete RhopH2 from the rhoptry organelle into their host red blood cell to facilitate the uptake of essential nutrients required for parasite replication and survival.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Crystal structure of PfRh5, an essential P. falciparum ligand for invasion of human erythrocytes

    Lin Chen et al.
    The crystal structure of a PfRh family protein from a malaria parasite has been solved and shows that PfRh5-which the parasite uses to invade human red blood cells-has a novel protein fold.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Two complement receptor one alleles have opposing associations with cerebral malaria and interact with α+thalassaemia

    D Herbert Opi et al.
    Analysis of a large Kenyan dataset may resolve previously conflicting studies by identifying polymorphisms which interact to modify the risk of cerebral malaria.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Olfactory receptor neurons use gain control and complementary kinetics to encode intermittent odorant stimuli

    Srinivas Gorur-Shandilya et al.
    Olfactory receptor neurons adapt to odorant mean and variance and use complementary kinetics to preserve the timing of odorant encounters, despite adaptation slowing down transduction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Discovery of methylfarnesoate as the annelid brain hormone reveals an ancient role of sesquiterpenoids in reproduction

    Sven Schenk et al.
    A small brain-derived lipid prevents bristle worms from entering maturation and death, challenging current views of hormone evolution and pesticide specificity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of insect olfactory receptors

    Christine Missbach et al.
    Insect specific olfactory receptors are not an adaptation to a terrestrial insect lifestyle, but evolved later in insect evolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Major transcriptional changes observed in the Fulani, an ethnic group less susceptible to malaria

    Jaclyn E Quin et al.
    Examining gene expression in the Fulani, an ethnic group relatively protected from malaria, identifies a more transcriptionally reactive response in cells of the innate immune system.

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