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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Analysis of the PcrA-RNA polymerase complex reveals a helicase interaction motif and a role for PcrA/UvrD helicase in the suppression of R-loops

    Inigo Urrutia-Irazabal et al.
    RNA polymerase recruits the PcrA DNA helicase via a conserved interaction motif in order to remove R-loops and prevent conflicts with replication.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary genomics of epidemic visceral leishmaniasis in the Indian subcontinent

    Hideo Imamura et al.
    Genome sequencing reveals the evolution and epidemiology of Leishmania donovani in the Indian subcontinent, where epidemics have caused up to 30,000 deaths per year.
    1. Neuroscience

    The functional organization of descending sensory-motor pathways in Drosophila

    Shigehiro Namiki et al.
    Systematic analysis of descending neuron anatomy reveals the basic functional map of descending sensory-motor pathways in flies and provides genetic tools for targeted interrogation of neural circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal interplay between multisensory excitation and recruited inhibition in the lamprey optic tectum

    Andreas A Kardamakis et al.
    Signals conveyed from two different senses from a given point in space converge onto the same neurons of the optic tectum that trigger the gaze-control-system, and at the same time inhibit other parts of the tectal motor map.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dlk1-Dio3 locus-derived lncRNAs perpetuate postmitotic motor neuron cell fate and subtype identity

    Ya-Ping Yen et al.
    LncRNAs are important to stabilize postmitotic cell fate of spinal motor neurons.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide dynamics of Pol II elongation and its interplay with promoter proximal pausing, chromatin, and exons

    Iris Jonkers et al.
    The elongation rate of RNA Polymerase II varies greatly between and along genes, as this enzyme accelerates from stable pausing to rapid elongation within genes, and is influenced by CG-content, exons and chromatin.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Restraint of presynaptic protein levels by Wnd/DLK signaling mediates synaptic defects associated with the kinesin-3 motor Unc-104

    Jiaxing Li et al.
    Synaptic defects previously attributed to loss of kinesin function are found to be mediated by the Wnd/DLK axonal injury signaling pathway, which restrains the total levels of presynaptic proteins in response to their accumulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tracking individual action potentials throughout mammalian axonal arbors

    Milos Radivojevic et al.
    A method was developed to non-invasively and simultaneously track individual action-potentials propagating across multiple branches of identified neurons in neocortical cultures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Invariant representations of mass in the human brain

    Sarah Schwettmann et al.
    A network of brain regions implicated in physical inference represents abstract, generalizable variables used as inputs to physics engines.