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    1. Neuroscience

    Comparisons between the ON- and OFF-edge motion pathways in the Drosophila brain

    Kazunori Shinomiya et al.
    A complete connectome of the ON and OFF motion pathways of the Drosophila optic lobe is acquired using three-dimensional EM methods, and the similarities and differences of the two pathways are uncovered.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural activity in cortico-basal ganglia circuits of juvenile songbirds encodes performance during goal-directed learning

    Jennifer M Achiro et al.
    Activity in cortico-basal ganglia circuits of juvenile songbirds reflects evaluative signals necessary for comparing self-generated behavior to a goal representation during skill learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    A common directional tuning mechanism of Drosophila motion-sensing neurons in the ON and in the OFF pathway

    Juergen Haag et al.
    A common mechanism for computation of direction selectivity in the ON and OFF channel is demonstrated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar re-encoding of self-generated head movements

    Guillaume P Dugué et al.
    The cerebellum encodes self-generated head rotations in a head posture-dependent manner, providing in particular a representation of how the head rotates about axes referenced relative to gravity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Convergence of monosynaptic and polysynaptic sensory paths onto common motor outputs in a Drosophila feeding connectome

    Anton Miroschnikow et al.
    A parallel neuronal network architecture ensures control of basic feeding reflex circuits via integration of crossmodal sensory information to filter multiple biological events and enhance meaningful behavioral choice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local processing in neurites of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells differentially organizes visual information

    Jen-Chun Hsiang et al.
    Neurite arbors of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells (VG3-ACs) process visual information locally uniformly detecting object motion while varying in contrast preferences; and in spite of extensive overlap between arbors of neighboring cells population activity in the VG3-AC plexus encodes stimulus positions with subcellular precision.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus-dependent recruitment of lateral inhibition underlies retinal direction selectivity

    Qiang Chen et al.
    Synapse-specific genetic manipulations show that distinct GABAergic inputs are differentially recruited to encode motion direction in the retina in a stimulus-dependent manner.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Non-classical amine recognition evolved in a large clade of olfactory receptors

    Qian Li et al.
    Fish trace amine-associated receptors evolved a novel structural motif that enables the detection of chemically diverse amine odors in a non-canonical 'inverted' orientation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dynamic range adaptation in primary motor cortical populations

    Robert G Rasmussen et al.
    Motor neurons adjust their sensitivity to direction of movement in a manner analogous to how neurons in the visual system adjust their sensitivity to light.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Protocadherin-dependent dendritic self-avoidance regulates neural connectivity and circuit function

    Dimitar Kostadinov, Joshua R Sanes
    Patterning of dendrites by protocadherin-dependent self-avoidance and self/non-self discrimination is required for proper function of a retinal circuit that computes the direction of motion.