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    1. Neuroscience

    Neural activity in cortico-basal ganglia circuits of juvenile songbirds encodes performance during goal-directed learning

    Jennifer M Achiro et al.
    Activity in cortico-basal ganglia circuits of juvenile songbirds reflects evaluative signals necessary for comparing self-generated behavior to a goal representation during skill learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local processing in neurites of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells differentially organizes visual information

    Jen-Chun Hsiang et al.
    Neurite arbors of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells (VG3-ACs) process visual information locally uniformly detecting object motion while varying in contrast preferences; and in spite of extensive overlap between arbors of neighboring cells population activity in the VG3-AC plexus encodes stimulus positions with subcellular precision.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus-dependent recruitment of lateral inhibition underlies retinal direction selectivity

    Qiang Chen et al.
    Synapse-specific genetic manipulations show that distinct GABAergic inputs are differentially recruited to encode motion direction in the retina in a stimulus-dependent manner.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Non-classical amine recognition evolved in a large clade of olfactory receptors

    Qian Li et al.
    Fish trace amine-associated receptors evolved a novel structural motif that enables the detection of chemically diverse amine odors in a non-canonical 'inverted' orientation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dynamic range adaptation in primary motor cortical populations

    Robert G Rasmussen et al.
    Motor neurons adjust their sensitivity to direction of movement in a manner analogous to how neurons in the visual system adjust their sensitivity to light.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    Protocadherin-dependent dendritic self-avoidance regulates neural connectivity and circuit function

    Dimitar Kostadinov, Joshua R Sanes
    Patterning of dendrites by protocadherin-dependent self-avoidance and self/non-self discrimination is required for proper function of a retinal circuit that computes the direction of motion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary mechanisms create direction selectivity in the fly

    Juergen Haag et al.
    Uniting two principles that have been thought of being mutually exclusive in the past can explain how neurons become sensitive to the direction of motion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motion along the mental number line reveals shared representations for numerosity and space

    Caspar M Schwiedrzik et al.
    Looking at visual motion affects perception of nonsymbolic numerosity in a direction-specific way, indicating that motion and number are computed by the same neurons.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dynamical feature extraction at the sensory periphery guides chemotaxis

    Aljoscha Schulze et al.
    A computational model for the control of chemotaxis in the Drosophila larva clarifies the link between the peripheral encoding of naturalistic olfactory stimuli and action selection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Serial Behaviour: What can fruit flies teach us about karate?

    Helen H Yang, Thomas R Clandinin
    Insight
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