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Page 4 of 647
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Quality control in oocytes by p63 is based on a spring-loaded activation mechanism on the molecular and cellular level

    Daniel Coutandin et al.
    p63 uses an intricate network of domain-domain interactions to control its function in long-term quality maintenance of resting oocytes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ESCRT-III activation by parallel action of ESCRT-I/II and ESCRT-0/Bro1 during MVB biogenesis

    Shaogeng Tang et al.
    Building on previous work (Tang et al., 2015), novel ESCRT-III subunit Snf7 auto-activation mutants are used to reveal two parallel ubiquitin-dependent pathways during multivesicular endosome biogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism of Aurora A kinase autophosphorylation and its allosteric activation by TPX2

    Adelajda Zorba et al.
    Aurora A kinase, an anti-cancer drug target, can be activated by two independent mechanisms.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The activation of IgM- or isotype-switched IgG- and IgE-BCR exhibits distinct mechanical force sensitivity and threshold

    Zhengpeng Wan et al.
    The B cell receptors of naïve B cells need higher levels of mechanical force to be fully activated than those of memory B cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cis-activation in the Notch signaling pathway

    Nagarajan Nandagopal et al.
    Activation of Notch receptors by ligands in the same cell (cis-activation) is a prevalent and functional mode of signaling in the Notch pathway, and co-exists with trans-activation and cis-inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered gating of Kv1.4 in the nucleus accumbens suppresses motivation for reward

    Bernadette O'Donovan et al.
    Low effort-based motivation to pursue naturally rewarding stimuli can be increased pharmacologically, by targeting inactivation of a single voltage-gated potassium channel within the mesolimbic dopamine reward system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic postnatal chemogenetic activation of forebrain excitatory neurons evokes persistent changes in mood behavior

    Sthitapranjya Pati et al.
    Enhanced Gq-signaling-mediated activation of forebrain excitatory neurons in postnatal life programs enhanced anxiety-, despair- and schizophrenia-like behavior, recapitulating key aspects of the behavioral consequences of early life adversity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    LRRC8A is essential for hypotonicity-, but not for DAMP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation

    Jack P Green et al.
    Depletion of LRRC8A provides genetic evidence for the importance of Cl- channels in NLRP3 activation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cell cycle entry triggers a switch between two modes of Cdc42 activation during yeast polarization

    Kristen Witte et al.
    Optogenetic control of Cdc42 activation during polarization of budding yeast demonstrates a cell cycle regulated switch between two distinct modes of positive feedback.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ring finger protein 10 is a novel synaptonuclear messenger encoding activation of NMDA receptors in hippocampus

    Margarita C Dinamarca et al.
    A protein called RNF10 relays messages from synapses to neuron cell nuclei, and is responsible for long-lasting modifications of dendritic spines as observed after activation of synaptic glutamate receptors.