789 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor cortex can directly drive the globus pallidus neurons in a projection neuron type-dependent manner in the rat

    Fuyuki Karube et al.
    Globus pallidus neurons projecting to the striatum are preferentially activated by direct glutamatergic innervation from the motor cortex.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Multifaceted roles of microRNAs: From motor neuron generation in embryos to degeneration in spinal muscular atrophy

    Tai-Heng Chen, Jun-An Chen
    Summary review of microRNA roles during motor neuron generation and degeneration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TMC1 is an essential component of a leak channel that modulates tonotopy and excitability of auditory hair cells in mice

    Shuang Liu et al.
    Other than its function in mechanotransduction, TMC1 is indispensable for action potential firing of auditory hair cells by mediating a leak conductance that alters tonotopically along the cochlea coil.
    1. Neuroscience

    Structured inhibitory activity dynamics in new virtual environments

    Moises Arriaga, Edward B Han
    Inhibitory interneuron activity is dynamically modulated in new environments while individual interneurons show consistent levels of activity modulation across multiple environments, suggesting functional specialization of inhibitory subnetworks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Classical conditioning drives learned reward prediction signals in climbing fibers across the lateral cerebellum

    William Heffley, Court Hull
    Cerebellar climbing fibers can generate learned reward-predictive instructional signals, suggesting a role for cerebellar learning in the reinforcement of reward-driven behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar climbing fibers encode expected reward size

    Noga Larry et al.
    Electrophysiological recordings in monkeys reveal that cerebellar complex spikes encode future reward size when reward information is first made available, but not during reward delivery or smooth pursuit eye movement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Novel long-range inhibitory nNOS-expressing hippocampal cells

    Zoé Christenson Wick et al.
    An intersectional genetic vector approach allows the identification and characterization of novel hippocampal inhibitory neurons with both broad local connectivity within CA1 and long-range projections to several extrahippocampal areas.
    1. Neuroscience

    An image-computable model for the stimulus selectivity of gamma oscillations

    Dora Hermes et al.
    Gamma-band oscillations show striking differences in stimulus selectivity compared to fMRI and broadband field potentials in human visual cortex, and are explained by a novel, image-computable model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lateral orbitofrontal cortex promotes trial-by-trial learning of risky, but not spatial, biases

    Christine M Constantinople et al.
    The lateral orbitofrontal cortex promotes learning of abstract, task-specific biases, but not spatial ones.

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