2,003 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    A protein quality control pathway at the mitochondrial outer membrane

    Meredith B Metzger et al.
    Temperature-sensitive mitochondrial outer membrane proteins used as novel quality control substrates reveal a unique mitochondria-associated degradation pathway consisting of both cytosolic and mitochondrial ubiquitin-proteasome system machinery.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An atypical DYRK kinase connects quorum-sensing with posttranscriptional gene regulation in Trypanosoma brucei

    Mathieu Cayla et al.
    A trypanosome DYRK kinase that exhibits fundamental differences to conventional DYRK family regulation links parasite quorum sensing, signal transduction and developmental gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social structure learning in human anterior insula

    Tatiana Lau et al.
    A domain-general structure learning mechanism, supported by anterior insula, moves beyond explicit category labels and dyadic similarity as the sole inputs to social group representations and predicts ally-choice behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar modulation of synaptic input to freezing-related neurons in the periaqueductal gray

    Christopher E Vaaga et al.
    The mouse cerebellum regulates innate defensive neural circuitry by tonically controlling dopamine release in the periaqueductal gray, thereby modulating synaptic responses of the Chx10-positive neurons that generate freezing behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Microneedle manipulation of the mammalian spindle reveals specialized, short-lived reinforcement near chromosomes

    Pooja Suresh et al.
    Directly exerting force on the mammalian spindle reveals local and short-lived reinforcement in the spindle center, well-suited to preserve connections to chromosomes over seconds and yet allow remodeling over minutes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Whole brain delivery of an instability-prone Mecp2 transgene improves behavioral and molecular pathological defects in mouse models of Rett syndrome

    Mirko Luoni et al.
    Global brain transduction of the instability-prone Mecp2 transgene by systemic AAV-PHP.eB administration is safe and effective in protecting male and female Mecp2 mutant mice from the Rett syndrome disease phenotype.
    1. Developmental Biology

    LIS1 determines cleavage plane positioning by regulating actomyosin-mediated cell membrane contractility

    Hyang Mi Moon et al.
    Novel insights into LIS1-dependent regulation of cell membrane contractility and cleavage axis specification identify a key molecular network regulating mitoses of neural progenitors and somatic cells during development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Piezo1/2 mediate mechanotransduction essential for bone formation through concerted activation of NFAT-YAP1-ß-catenin

    Taifeng Zhou et al.
    Mechanosensitive channels Piezo1/2 are required for osteoblast differentiation from progenitors by sensing fluid sheer stress and matrix rigidity and regulating NFATc1, YAP1 and ß-catenin activities through Ca2+ stimulated phosphatase calcineurin.
    1. Cell Biology

    Competition between kinesin-1 and myosin-V defines Drosophila posterior determination

    Wen Lu et al.
    Posterior determination of Drosophila oocyte is defined by competition between kinesin-1 removing posterior determinants from the cortex and myosin-V anchoring them.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A processive rotary mechanism couples substrate unfolding and proteolysis in the ClpXP degradation machinery

    Zev A Ripstein et al.
    Understanding of bacterial protein degradation is illuminated by cryo-EM structures of the substrate-bound ClpXP complex from Neisseria meningitidis at 2.3 to 3.3 Å resolution.

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