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    1. Neuroscience

    Beta band oscillations in motor cortex reflect neural population signals that delay movement onset

    Preeya Khanna, Jose M Carmena
    Using a sequential neurofeedback-arm reaching task, a new link is established among population neural activity patterns, generation of beta oscillations, and motor behavior changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vacillation, indecision and hesitation in moment-by-moment decoding of monkey motor cortex

    Matthew T Kaufman et al.
    Trial-by-trial analysis of neuronal activity in monkeys performing a decision-making task reveals the neural correlates of behaviours including wavering, hesitation and sudden changes of mind.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognition: Losing self control

    Luke Miller, Alessandro Farnè
    Insight
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    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex commands the performance of skilled movement

    Jian-Zhong Guo et al.
    Optogenetic inhibition demonstrates that the cortex is necessary and sufficient for the initiation and execution of a learned, skilled action.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential contributions of the two human cerebral hemispheres to action timing

    Anja Pflug et al.
    Brain imaging reveals frequency-dependent lateralized rhythmic finger tapping control by the auditory cortex with left-lateralized control of relative fast and right-lateralized control of relative slow rhythms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute intermittent hypoxia enhances corticospinal synaptic plasticity in humans

    Lasse Christiansen et al.
    Acute intermittent hypoxia is a noninvasive approach that enhances corticospinal function in humans, likely through alterations in corticospinal-motoneuronal synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal manipulation of functional connectivity in a specific neural pathway during behaviour and at rest

    Vanessa M Johnen et al.
    Functional connectivity in the human brain reflects changes in synaptic plasticity induced with repeated paired stimulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Target-specific membrane potential dynamics of neocortical projection neurons during goal-directed behavior

    Takayuki Yamashita, Carl CH Petersen
    A learning-induced, motor-related, projection-specific signal from S1 to S2 accompanies reward-based-learning of a goal-directed sensorimotor transformation of whisker sensation into licking motor output.
    1. Neuroscience

    An inhibitory corticostriatal pathway

    Crystal Rock et al.
    The discovery of somatostatin-positive inhibitory neurons projecting from mouse cortex to striatum shows that corticostriatal pathways are not exclusively excitatory.